Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. New York: Afred A. Knopf, Inc., 1996. Jaspers, Karl. The Question of German Guilt. Trans.
Jewish Reactions to the Holocaust: A Learned Behavior When thinking of Jewish persecution, images of Nazi Germany, concentration camps, and the Holocaust are most likely to be conjured. Although these images do represent the attempted destruction of the Jews, persecution actually began thousands of years earlier. The Holocaust, or Final Solution, which was the destruction of European Jews by the Nazis, was the culmination of attempts by other groups to eradicate Jews from their society.1 Reacting in many different ways to persecution, the Jewish sect has undergone years of harsh treatment, climaxing during the Holocaust. Jewish persecution did not begin in Europe with the onset of World War II; rather, anti-Semitism had existed for the past several thousand years. The rise and eventual domination of Christianity resulted in the persecution of the Jews starting in fourth-century Rome and lasting through the Middle Ages, when huge numbers of Jews were massacred during Christian crusades.2 Also, during the Middle Ages, the Christian Church attempted to convert Jews to Christianity.
The Second World War New York, NY, Praeger Publishers, Inc. , 1975. Neumann, Franz, Behemath: the structure and practice of national socialism. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc. 1966 Schoenbaum, David, Hitler's Social Revolution: class and status in Nazi Germany, 1933-1939. New York: Doubleday and co. , Inc. , 1967. Schoenberner, Gerhard, The Yellow Star: The Persecution of the Jews in Europe, 1933-1945.
Then, on the eve of destruction, before the Nazis had fully planned for their extermination, the German Jews had a chance to affect Germany and their own lives. I have chosen a few of the German Jewish responses to examine in this essay. After the single-day boycott of April 1, 1993, where the Magen David was posted on establishments of Jewish-race ownership, a Zionist named Robert Weltsch wrote the following lines in a Zionist newspaper article titled '"'Wear It With Pride, The Yellow Badge'"': This is a painful reminder to all those who betrayed their Judaism...The Jew who denies his Judaism is no better a citizen than his fellow who avows it openly...The Jew is marked a Jew. He gets the Yellow Badge...This regulation is intended as a brand, a sign of contempt. We will take it up and make it a badge of honor.
Exile & Destruction: The Fate of Austrian Jews, 1938-1945. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press, 1995. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ashford/Doc?id=5004830 Wistrich, Robert S. (Author). (2003). Hitler and the Holocaust: A short History.
"The Victims: Jews, Communists, and Social Democrats." Nazi Germany 1933-1945: Faith and Annihilation. Comp. Dean Scott McMurry. London: Arnold, 1996.