The Mining Industry and The Damage That It Causes to Humans and The Environment

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Tted in Turkey shows that “mining operations produces acidic waters with high concentrations of dissolved iron, sulfate, and metals or semimetals, thus posing a health hazard to humans” (Karayaka, 2014, p. 113). The unwanted remains of mining facilities are not being carefully observed. This is a problem not only to the human health but also to the environment. Another aspect to this problem is that people in low-income countries need jobs. The mining industry provides many jobs for these people. Many people do what ever it takes to acquire a job and do not care what health risks it might have. They do not care because without a job, they will go hungry and starve. Mining deposits play a significant role in water pollution.
The other type of waste management issue is oil spills. These spills affect humans and wildlife. Oil spills, particularly in the ocean, are entirely caused by humans. They happen mostly because of broken machinery and human error. Oil rigs are not the only place where oil is leaking into the ocean. Some types of engine boats produce a pollutant called bilage. Bilage is a mix between water and engine oil. It is very harmful to the environment and many studies are being done to identify the potential threats it posses (Dvarioniene, 2013, p. 1083). This spillage affects the water quality of the ocean and other bodies of water that these boats go in. This type of pollution especially affects the wildlife of the ocean. One study shows that animals that are in a polluted environment cannot effectively fight off predators (Weis, 2011, p. 383). These animals that are in polluted water spend their energy on fighting the pollution. This gives them little to no energy to defend themselves against other fish that want to...

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...10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.02.016
Karayaka, N., & Çelik Karayaka, M. (2014). Toxic element contamination in waters from the massive sulfide deposits and wastes around Giresun, Turkey. Turkish Journal Of Earth Sciences, 23(2), 113-128. doi:10.3906/yer-1305-12
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Estuary: Behavioral Changes and Ecological Consequences for Five Species. Bioscience, 61(5), 375-385. doi:10.1525/bio.2011.61.5.6

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