The Mind Body Problem : Monism, Dualism, And Functionalism

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A prominent and philosophical question inquired by many in the cognitive science field is directed in the form of the Mind-Body Problem. The Mind-Body Problem is a concise term which leads way to the many explanations in regards to how the body and the mind correlate to one another (Friedenberg & Silverman, 2012, p.24). All of these explanations base themselves on the physical and psychological natures of the body and the mind, in order to better understand the link amongst the two (Friedenberg & Silverman, 2012, p.24). Each and every explanation strives to prove the co-existence and interactions of both components in ways which may prove if either one is truly materialized, or if one is in any authority over the other (Friedenberg & Silverman, 2012, p.24). Like many, my own stance on this matter could be categorized into one of the three separate fractions of the Mind-Body Problem: Monism, Dualism, and Functionalism. Monism derives itself from its belief that the universe is only composed of solely one substance (Friedenberg & Silverman, 2012, p.24). Famed Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that correlation between the mind and body is alike to the correlation of matter and form; his idea focusing on the fluidity of expression in both, where the body and its actions are the physical representations of the mind’s will (Friedenberg & Silverman, 2012, p.24). Monism is then divided into its own subcategories of idealism and physicalism. Idealism situates on the saying “brain in a vat argument” where the life and world as we all come to know of is nothing but a trance in our minds while our bodies lies in dormancy (Friedenberg & Silverman, 2012, p.26). Physicalism originates itself from another famed Greek philosopher by the nam... ... middle of paper ... ...mones would then stimulate our minds in order operate our bodies accordingly to their related sensations. Overall, I came to the conclusion that as long a brain exists, than a mental representation will form eventually. To back up my claims, I would bring upon the case of many artificial intelligences having already developed a sense of self-consciousness despite it being “man-made” or “built from scratch”. For something that is not categorized as organically “human” to have developed such unique attributions which used to be prized only in humans, then how do we differ from them now? Are we really as special as we think ourselves to be? If something that is “artificial” could develop the same sensations as us, then could we all be classified as the same? If I were to categorize my opinion on the Mind-Body Problem, then the closest explanation would be functionalism.

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