Childhood obesity can be defined as BMI at or over the 95th percentile for children with same sex and age (CDC, 2012). It has becomes one of the most serious public health problem in 21st century especially in urban setting of low and middle-income countries (WHO, 2014). According to WHO for Europe (2009), prevalence of obesity and overweight is high among countries, ranging from 5% to 30% in 11-year-olds, and from 4 and 8% in both 13 and 15 year old girls and boys respectively to more than 30% in both ages. NHMS IV reported about 3.9% (0.3million) of children aged below 18 years are obese (Institute of Public Health, 2011). In 2003,a survey reported a prevalence of 6% obesity in both sexes among11,500 schoolchildren aged between 6-12 years from four regions in Peninsular Malaysia and there are small differences between urban and rural children (Ismail et al.
In the past few years obesity among children has increased and has now become a major issue in this nation. Over twelve million children in the United States are obese and seven percent of those children are at risk of having type 2 diabetes. Obesity has become a burden to the United States economy and it is costing America $147 billion dollars a year. Are parents to blame for obese and overweight children or is society at fault? Obesity has been around for many years but has always been known to be an adult issue.
Bay of Bengal is also known as the breeding grounds of cyclone. Most of the cyclone is formed either before or after the monsoon season. The month of April-May and October-December leads to rise of cyclone strength with wind speed up to 64-185 km/hour. Due to which more than 4 million poor people living in the costal area are highly vulnerable to such calamities. 12th November, 1970 cyclone is considered as the most destructive cyclone of Bangladesh which claimed the life of more than 300,000 people and damaged a property worth US$ one billion.
So now that you have an idea of how big a number 6,000,000,000 is, are you even more convinced that human population has become too large? The evidence, at first glance, appears overwhelming. The world's population has grown from 1 billion in the early 1800s to over 6 billion today. Two nations in the world (namely, China and India) themselves each have more than 1 billion people now. According to United Nations' statistics, around 2 billion people (1 in 3) suffer from malnutrition and dietary deficiencies and more than 800 million (1 in 7) are chronically malnourished.
With regard to the eradication of extreme poverty, immense progress has been made. As per the report of UN (2013), “the proportion of people living on less than $ 1.25 a day fell from 47 percent in 1990 to 22 percent in 2010. About 700 million fewer people lived in conditions of extreme poverty in 2010 than in 1990.” It was found that, “28% of people worldwide in 1990 had the purchasing power below $ 1 per day” (Attaran, 2005). In a small country like Bhutan also, poverty is the major issue. The nation has made impressive achievement, as it reduced its poverty level from “36.3% in 2000 to 23.2% in 2007” (UN, 2008).
The proportion of people living on less than US$1 a day has been halved. Similarly, target 1.C of goal 1, to halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger, is within reach (2. UN, 2013). Whilst success is evident within Goal 1 of the Milllennium Development Goals, it is important to consider the progress of this goal within individual nations. Increased understanding of the progress of this particu... ... middle of paper ... ...ne.com/doi/full/10.1080/00779954.2013.862197#tabModule Renwick, 2011 Journal http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01436597.2011.543814#tabModule Perez et al., 2012 Journal: http://www.equityhealthj.com/content/11/1/43 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673611613378 BBS, 2011: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics BBS.
What are the causes of the world hunger? There are many different reasons why we are dealing with hunger. Poverty, agriculture, infrastructure, natural disasters, and war and conflicts are the top four causes of world hunger. Underdeveloped countries count for 98 percent of the world’s hunger. Hunger is usually passed down from mother to infants and there are 17 million children born underweight due to their mothers being underweight.
Hunger is a Globlal Problem Hunger is a problem, not only in third world countries, but in the Untied States as well. During the time that the United States experienced one of its longest economic growths, one in every ten households experienced hunger by a lack of food (Nutrition Concepts and Controversies). According to a 1995 national survey 4.1 percent, or 4.2 million, of all United States households experienced hunger (Could There Be Hunger In America? 1). Of the 4.1 percent of these Americans, 300,000 are hungry children.
“According to the Census Bureau, about 12.3 percent of all Americans were living in poverty in 2006 (Rasheed, 2013).” That means there are 36 million people at or below poverty level in the United States (Rasheed, 2013). Poverty guidelines are issued by the government so people can find the programs they need for help (Smith, 2003). In the year 2010, 15.1 percent of all people lived in poverty (Smith, 2003). The poverty rate in 2010 was the highest rate recorded since 1993 (Smith, 2003). Between 1993 and 2000, the poverty rate fell each year, reaching 11.3 percent in 2000 (Smith, 2003).
INTRODUCTION Worldwide, “Overweight/obesity is the major contributor to the burden of disease and disability” . Nowadays, over 1.5 billion and 500 million adults are suffering from overweight/obesity respectively. It leads to almost 3 million related death per year which is more than the number of deaths due to underweight . In Vietnam, overweight prevalence in adult is 15.3% in urban areas and 5.3% in rural areas if using Caucasian Body Mass Index (BMI) cut-off ; 32.5% and 13.8% respectively while using Asian BMI cut-off . Recent evidences showed that at the same age, sex and BMI, Asians have higher percentage of body fat and risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease than Caucasians .