The Millennium Development Goals Of The United Nations

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IAt the turn of the 20th century and the dawn of the new millennium, 189 Member States of the United Nations assembled at the United Nations and adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration (General Assembly resolution 55/2). The Millennium Declaration was agreed to establish a just and lasting peace all over the world in accordance with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. The Millennium Declaration further emphasized the collective responsibility of all nations with regard to uphold the principles of human dignity, equality and equity at the global and national levels. The goals represent a vision for the future with time-bound targets by which progress can be measured. This future aspiration embrace the ambition of a world with less poverty, hunger and disease, greater survival prospects for mothers and their infants, better educated children, equal opportunities for women and a healthier environment. A world in which developed and developing countries will work in partnership for the betterment of all human kind. “No society can surely be flourishing and happy, of which the far greater part of the members are poor and miserable” (Adam Smith, 1776). Recognizing the problem, the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations also contain a commitment to halve the proportion of the world’s population living in extreme poverty by 2015. This is the central objective of the Millennium Development Goals. It directly reflects the intentions expressed in the Millennium Declaration which includes two targets, the first addresses extreme poverty and inequality –Target 1A, formerly Target 1, and the second target refers to hunger and malnutrition –Target 1C, formerly Target 2. By early 2008, and in the context of the... ... middle of paper ... ...e than 1 billion people were undernourished in 2009 (MDGs report 2010). Despite the reversal in global trends, at the regional and national level there are some encouraging signs. Between the baseline period of 1990-92 and 2004-06, 11 out of 103 developing countries already reached the target and 45 are on-track. The extreme poverty in Asia and the Pacific that affects around 900 million people questions the long-term sustainability of the region’s economic growth and development. About one in every six persons in the region suffers from malnourishment, and about one in three children is underweight. These problems are particularly severe in South Asia and Southeast Asia. With its 1.6 billion people, South Asia is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. It represents the paradoxes of rapid economic growth and extreme poverty. Due to the size, expanse
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