The Mexican American War

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The Mexican war between two neighbors, The United states and Mexico during 1846 to 1848 was a defining for both the nations. United States became a continental power as Mexico lost half of its territory, the present American Southwest from Texas to California.
The region which Mexico lost to united states is a region with own diverse history and culture. It is the present day states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California. Mexican, Native American and Anglo American cultures were clashed and blended here. The struggles over lands, legal rights and political power among various groups continued for many years after the war. This region is now one of the most economic and dynamic regions in united states.
The war between the two states was over a vast amount of terrain beginning with Texas. Texas had fine agricultural production, cotton in particular to be its major commodity. California had harbors on the pacific. The US was much interested in New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado Utah and Nevada but these territories needed to be conquered in order to connect the Atlantic to the Pacific by rail road which was a dream then. Texas and California were very rich provinces while the other had no political nor economic value. The Mexico recognized that it needed to hold these provinces from the US. In 1821 Mexico was sparsely populated with 3200 Mexicans. New Mexico had 40000. Texas had about 2500 Mexicans. There was no communication across the southwest. There was an enormous gulf between Santa Fe and San Francisco.
Mexico was not a nation but rather a collection of nations. New Mexico, California, Yucatan, Zacatecas ...

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...gotiated end to the war although they never accepted the war. The Mexicans considered that they were fighting for territorial integrity and security against the United States. Mexican journalists and political leaders cited differences between the cultural and regional differences between the Mexico and the United States. From Mexican point of view, even after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo the US invasion had been a war of conquest and the Mexico defended it.

“U.S. Mexican war”. Last modified March 14 2006,
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Frazier, Donald S. The United States and the Mexico at War. New York: Simon and Schuster Macmillan, 1998.
“The price of freedom: Americans at War”.

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