The Methods Taught in Primary Schools and at Home to Help Children Read and Write

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Explain and comment on the methods taught in primary schools and at

home used to help children learn to read and write.

Children’s learning to read and write from an early age is essential

to their growth in the educational and working aspects of their lives.

There have been many theories and methods used to teach children to

read and write and to develop that knowledge. This essay will explain

and discuss some of these methods. This will include theories by David

Crystal, Gunther Kress, Jeanne S. Chall and B.M. Kroll. Also included

will be some methods used to teach children to read and write, such as

the “Look and Say” method taken from Oxford Reading Tree reading

books, and the phonetics exercises taken from Jolly Phonics workbooks.

It has been said that the real insight into a child’s progress is

literacy as it is seen as a way of opening a child’s mind to logical

and imaginative thinking as well as their intellectual and emotional

development. As a result emphasis in primary school curriculums has

been on teaching children to read. An example of one of the methods

used can be found in David Crystal’s book “Language Development in

School”, where he explains the use of “Basal reading programmes”. He

says in his text that Basal reading programmes are “widely used in the

U.S…. a large-scale system of preparatory texts, graded readers,

workbooks, tests and other materials”. Crystal also comments on the

advantages of this method as “comprehensive, graded, carefully

planned, children get to know the characters, settings etc”. Crystal

describes the disadvantages as “expensive, can be used inflexibly,

does not promote an exploratory use of language outside the scheme”.

From this I found this scheme to be a...

... middle of paper ...

... looking at the theories of some of the linguists

I have found that I have come to agree with the individualised

programme mentioned earlier. I found that a child will only learn if

engaged and interested, and also having some level of independence

causes them to use creative thinking and broaden their imagination.

This also gives them skills for research and independent learning that

they will need in later life. I also agree with the phonetic approach

to teaching children to read. I agree with this as again it engages

the child into what is being taught, for at a young age a child tends

to focus on sounds and actions around them than focusing on a page.

Also the repetition of the sounds and the actions that go with them

helps with reading a lot more as it is easier for them to read by

sounding out, but also teaches them the structure of words and sounds.

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