It is important for children to have a positive learning experience because reading is a very important skill that will continually be needed in everyday life. Whole language and balanced literacy are two commonly used methods for teaching language arts to beginning students. There are many activities used to teach young children how to read and write including the use of music in the classroom, sight words, games, and worksheets. There are two main approaches to teaching reading to young students. One common approach is whole language.
Children learn the order of the story. Children are able to keep up when their parents are reading stories. Children also learn remember what they have read in the story. According to the book, children develop a sense of story sequence, how to follow along in the book while the story is being read, and how to memorize the words. Therefore, read the same story over and over is good for the child.
Through my own classroom research, I have learned to listen to children, to observe the multitude of ways in which they learn, and to examine the elements that encourage their growth. Each day must be devoted to writing, reading, and interacting with literature. Children learn to read by reading. They learn to write by writing. Listening to and talking about literature enhances both processes.
Vocabulary is important when children are learning how to comprehend what they are reading. Showing children, the same vocabulary words by using repetition will help them to remember the words. The fourth key is comprehension. Comprehension is when a child’s understanding of comprehension is improved when teachers use different techniques such as generating questions, answering questions, and summarizing what they are
The more books that are read to children, the more their vocabulary expands. Reading to children can introduce them to different literature they might not find on their own (Koralek). Another essential skill that children need is the ability to listen, which they learn while being read to (“Importance of Reading Aloud”). Not only does reading give children the ability to listen, it gives them the ability to understand how stories work. “The more a child knows about and experience the joys of reading before kindergarten, the easier it will be to learn to read,” (“Why Reading to Children Is Important”).
Literacy consists of a range of ways to understand and decode symbols for communication in a community (Barratt-Pugh & Rohl, 2000, p. 25). Emergent literacy is a term used to describe how young children interact with books, reading and writing (What is Emergent Literacy, 2006, p.1). Emerging literacy is an ongoing process and to ensure this process is successful children need to be stimulated through active engagement with books and writing opportunities. Children start to learn about and experience reading and writing in infancy, particularly when they start familiarising themselves with print media. From an early age children are able to read and recognise signs such as fast food logos, ect.
Developing students’ reading abilities is a highly important aspect of teaching. While children usually receive their first introduction to literacy in the home, schools and teachers have the responsibility to refine ability and craft a competent reader. There are a wide variety of methods and theories regarding teaching reading, therefore it can be difficult to know which method to follow. Considerable research has been conducted around the methods of teacher reading and there is strong evidence that suggests that effective reading instruction, through explicit and systematically taught skills and strategies, is most beneficial. Effective reading instruction, which focuses on key reading strategies and skills, should be utilised by teachers,
So speaking and listening, reading and writing are not only interdependent, but also mutually enhancing”. Focusing on reading and writing, The National Curriculum gives guidelines on teaching reading in terms of knowledge, skills and understanding. Reading strategies is one of them, for instance, pupils are to be taught to read with fluency, accuracy, understanding and enjoyment. A teacher aims to foster in each child a love of reading for pleasure by providing opportunities to read and surround children with a range of reading materials appropriate to age, ability and interest. One way of teaching fluency, accuracy and understanding, a progressive stru... ... middle of paper ... ..., paying attention to sequencing.
(Department of Education, Science, and Training, 2005). Effective reading instruction occurs when a child successfully learns to read fluently, confidently, with full comprehension of meaning and context. A teacher should understand the developmental aspects of how a child learns to read, but also how to engage a modern day child with rich, authentic texts that motivates them and connects to their social backgrounds. An educator should incorporate curriculum and also be open to choose, adapt, and structure approaches using techniques that best fit their teaching styles and situations. Approaching literacy with a balanced approach of both meaning and skill orientated methods, supports a child’s phonological awareness development and comprehension skills, and supports the elements that surround these components.
it is the active process of understanding print and graphic text. One thing you can learn about teaching reading is that they are different types and techniques of reading that are suitable for your learners. Pre-reading According to Ringler and Weber (1984), pre- reading stage serves as enabling activity because they provide learners with necessary background knowledge of the text and also give them an opportunity to organize the activity and comprehend the material. During pre-reading the teacher can ask learners what they already know about the title of the text. The learners has to share their background knowledge necessary for comprehension of the text and the teacher will also have to make students to be aware of the type of the text they will be