The Metamorphosis is a novel written by Kafka Franz and published in 1915. The story is about a travelling sales man by the name Samsa Gregor who wakes up to find himself transformed into an insect. The main characters include Gregor Samsa, Grete Samsa, Mr. Samsa, Mrs. Samsa and Samsa. The theme of change is conspicuous on the novel when Gregor Samsa wakes up to find himself transformed into an insect. The theme of economic effects on human relationships is also evident when we find that Gregor Samsa is a slave to his family because he is the breadwinner. Gregor also characterizes the theme of alienation when he is alienated from his family, body, humanity, and job. The themes of personal identity, family duty, and freedom are also evident. In his novel, Kafika has used different writing styles, which include irony, symbolism, and suspense. Kafka wrote the novel in French language, it was translated into English.
Samsa Gregor acts as the protagonist in the story. He is a travelling sales man and the sole provider for his sister and parents. He wakes up one day to find himself transformed into a large insect. After the metamorphosis, he is unable to continue working and his father is left with no option rather than to start working again (Franz 12).
Grete Samsa is Gregor’s sister who takes care of him after the transformation. The sister-brother relationship the two had fades away quickly. While Grete had previously agreed to clean his room and feed him, she now becomes impatient and arrogant. She intentionally leaves his room dirty and unkempt. Grete spends time playing violin and dreams that one day she might visit the conservatory. Gregor had intended to make this dream come into reality. After Gregor’s tra...
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...ing that he intends to take over the whole apartment and ruin their lives. They consider him to be inhuman and not the Gregor they knew. Irony is seen when the narrator describes how, despite being a bug Gregor still wants to work. “The next train went at seven; to catch it he must hurry madly, and his collection of samples was not packed (Cook 529)” Irony is also seen when the family receives the news of their son’s death in a happy mood rather than feeling sorry for him. The family members don’t seem to remember the good things that he had done.
Cook, Kafka Franz and Coleridge. The Meowmorphorsis. Philadelphia: Quirk Books, 2011.
Franz, Kafka. The Metamorphorsis and Other Stories. 1996.
Vladimir, Nabokov. Lectures on Literature. New York: Harvest, 1980.