The Importance of Synthetic Phonics for Young Learners How we learn to read is an essential part of our learning process. The words we read are made up of symbols, which make English sounds. The relationships between the symbols and the speech sounds they make, is a code, which can and does take time to crack. Synthetic Phonics is a method of teaching young learners, to help them crack the code, and help them to progress with learning the English language. An important element of learning to read and spell is synthesizing and blending together the sounds the letters make.
Understanding how language is used (instrumental, regulatory, interactional, personal, heuristic, imaginative, representational, divertive, authoritative and perpetuating. Forms of Language: Forms of language refers to the vocabulary, verb tense, parts of speech and the sentence structure of language. Research reports that teachers must understand and use these tools with the students because they influence the development of the student’s language. Language Fluency: Language fluency refers to the fluency in wide variety of ways that language can be used. Young learners or older students with language deficits need direct instruction in the differences between conversational and academic language and the differences in telling a story to explaining the steps to a
The sole goal of learning a language is to achieve proficiency and communicative competence as they are primary skills in good communication. Achieving language skills requires a learner to grasp the basic language phonology, which includes listening, reading, writing, speaking. One can learn listening skills by carefully listening and analyzing with the view of discovering contrastive sounds of language and their variants (Molnar & Sebastian-Galles, 2014). A learner then practices and uses discriminative exercises to help them distinguish sounds, tones, and intonation patterns. In this case, the learner can then use selective attention to contrastive sounds that are difficult to grasp and use auditory repression, which involves recording troublesome sounds and replaying them until one becomes conversant with
Content based or enriched English as a Second Language instruction is an approach that provides second language learners with instruction in content and language. In this approach, students are exposed to a considerable amount of English through motivating content. Students are taught useful language that is embedded within relevant context rather than as isolated language. This approach tries to prepare students to acquire the language while using the context of any subject matter, so students learn the language by using it within specific context rather than learning the language in isolation. This approach is used for children and adults in schools settings or classes for students learning English for specific purposes.
Morphological awareness skills are linked to students’ ability to read, spell and comprehend words, even when other linguistic awareness skills are also put into consideration. There is need for a broad and strong language skills. Also, understanding the structure of text is important in reaching excellent oral and reading comprehension. Thus, the main aim of CTT is to enhance the cognitive and linguistic abilities of students, improve their academic knowledge, and boost their understanding of text-specific processes (Connor, Phillips, Kaschak, Apel, Suk Kim, Otaiba, Crowe, Tate, Johnson, and Lonigan,
Communication encompasses one's skill to listen carefully so as to hold the meaning and to answer in turn with appropriate words and clarity of pronunciation. It is here where the use of language lab plays its role. The language laboratory plays an imperative role in the language learning process. As it is a technological assistance for learning, it has a number of innovative facilities that can help a learner to learn a language with proficiency to communicate. It has become inevitable in today's context.
Learning vocabulary is essential since it is requirement for the learners in order to able to speak, write, and listen well. In learning vocabulary we have to know the meaning of it and can use it in sentence context. Young learners have to be initially introduced basic vocabulary. They have to know the meaning of words, understanding the meaning and pronouncing the word correctly. Learning English vocabulary for the young learners should be made fun.
Contexts of Speaking In whatever contexts we talk, we need to keep in mind our audience and the effect our speech may have on them. Here two approaches to the development of oral communication skills need close attention. First, learning language as a skill in the classroom and second, developing spoken skills through exposure and use. Learning Language as a Skill: Structural Competence This deals with three main aspects which belong to the learning of a skill. 1.
6 Language skills Being competent in a language requires having the four basic language skills : reading ; listening, speaking, and writing. Experts classify foreign language skills into two main categories : productive skills (speaking and writing) and receptive skill (reading and listening). Because learners receive inputs when reading and listening, these two skills belong to receptive language skills. While students produce outputs when they write or speak, thus writing and speaking are productive language skills. Individuals acquire listening and speaking naturally thus, oracy is acquired in unformal situations.
Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT), also known as task-based instruction (TBI), focuses on the use of authentic language and on asking students to do meaningful tasks using the target language. Such tasks can include visiting a doctor, conducting an interview, or calling customer service for help. Task-based learning offers the student an opportunity to do exactly this. The primary focus of classroom activity is the task and language is the instrument which the students use to complete it. The task is an activity in which students use language to achieve a specific outcome.