Shelby Jensen The Mayflower & Compact
Intro- A group of separatists from England who were trying to separate themselves from the Church of England and fleeing religious persecution, were known as the Pilgrims. They fled to Holland, when that did not work out as planned they got permission from the London Company to form an American colony on their land, Jamestown. They were backed by investors and started packing supplies on two ships for the voyage.
History- The landing of the Mayflower was an important event in history because it expanded America, and with the establishment of the Mayflower Compact, it helped create a more organized and civilized foundation for America. The Mayflower Compact…show more content… The Mayflower made many trips, essentially to Bordeaux, France, then returned to London with cargoes of French wine, Cognac, vinegar, and salt. The Mayflower could hold about 180 tons of cargo. It also made occasional trips to other places, including Malaga, Spain, and Hamburg, Germany. When coming back from a voyage to Bordeaux, France, in May of 1620, the Mayflower and master Christopher Jones were paid to take the pilgrims to North Virginia. This was the first recorded voyage across Atlantic for both the ship and master, even though Christopher Jones had multiple crew members, including a pilot and his companions John Clarke and Robert Coppin, who had previously been to the New World…show more content… But they were days of prayer, not just of feasting. The tradition of the Pilgrim’s first Thanksgiving is both a myth and legend. The pilgrims did not celebrate Thanksgiving the next year or any year thereafter, but some of their descendants later made a “Forefathers Day” that usually occurred on the 21st or 22nd of December. Some presidents made one-time Thanksgiving holidays and in 1863 Abraham Lincoln made it a national holiday. Our Thanksgiving today is the fourth Thursday of November, thanks to President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1939. But the pilgrims first thanksgiving began at some unknown date between September 21 and November 9. The date of Thanksgiving was probably set by Lincoln to somewhat correlate with the anchoring of the Mayflower at Cape Cod, which occurred on November 21 of