The Mayan Civilization

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The Maya civilization is one of the most original and rich ancient populaces in the world. It is a group of varied ethnicities, common in some traits, but diverse in languages, customs and in history.1 By using the word "Maya " We can give two meanings. The first, of a civilization that flourished from the 4th century B.C. and it had its decline in the 7th century A.D. in what is known as the classical period resurgent in the post-classical period. And the second meaning refers to a people and culture that continues to exist to this day representing a tradition of more than 2000 years. The purpose of this essay is that, after reading it, we can appreciate how wonderful and authentic were the pre-Hispanic cultures, focusing mainly on culture.…show more content…
They re-emerging as mentioned earlier in the year 950. "They spread to Campeche, Yucatan, Tabasco, Chiapas; Quintana Roo, Guatemala, Honduras and Belize.”8 We can learn about the history of this civilization thanks to Mayas " recorded the events of greater importance in their works of art such as the frescoes of Bonampak and stone boards found in Palenque "9 that they have been deciphered with the passage of time and through thousands of studies and analyzes . Therefore, today most of the Maya glyphs have been deciphered and thanks to that we know who some of their rulers were, the dates on which they lived, the buildings they built, the wars they had with other cities, their gods and sacrifice, etc. . . .
Due to some reason or yet unknown event, civilization collapsed and naturally abandoned their cities. “10 The world is still searching to see what caused the Mayans to abandon such well-structured and organized cities. There are several theories, some involving the invasion of Nahua ethnic origin or crop failure and epidemics. The strongest evidence or proof indicates that the Maya expansion caused overcrowding and thus the depletion of natural resources, mainly on the capacity of agricultural land to support growing
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Upon arrival of the Spaniards the Mayan civilization was in full decline. Most of the Mayans lived in the Yucatan Peninsula and large cities had been abandoned centuries ago. There were few cities such as the Mayans and most of its people lived in small villages. During the colony and the Independent Mexico the Mayans kept a great diversity of languages, dialects, culture mixed with Spanish traditions and religion resulting in a rich culture that persists to this day. Ultimately, the Mayan civilization was the most brilliant cultural stage not only in Mesoamerica, but throughout America, and his mysterious disappearance became an obsession for many investigators and people interested in the topic in the middle of the twentieth century. There have been many myths about the Mayans, but archaeological and historical research will allow us to know and admire who they were, how they developed their skills, and how they built their wonderful cities. In fact, as a Mexican immigrant in this country, I can also see the Mayan communities as the descendants of my culture and Mexicans feel proud of what they were, and the permanent mark that they will leave not only in Mexico’s history but the whole

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