The Mayans abandoned many primary city-states and moved for an unknown reason. Nobody is sure why this happened, but it is sure that the Maya was one of the greatest civilizations of their time. Their culture was based on their class structure, warfare, religious practices, family life, and agriculture. These were important because they made up the Maya’s unique culture. To begin, one main aspect of Mayan culture was their class structure.
The first 650 years scholars call the “Classic Period” and there were over 40 Mayan cities across Mexico, Guatemala, and Northern Belize mostly. No one is completely sure though why the decline happened after 900 A.D. but most suspect because of the destruction and scattering because of the wars. The Mayan culture is fascinating. Three aspects of it that I believe to be important and that more people should know and learn about are their spiritual beliefs, their language, and their economy. The Mayans are an extraordinary culture but I find that their beliefs are truly what make them fascinating.
When the Aztecs reached the Valley of Mexico in about 1193, this fertile inland basin was already heavily populated and little land was left for them to colonize. The Aztecs appeared rude and uncivilized to the members of the older city-states that clustered around the basin . For about another 100 years they continued to look for a permanent home. As they continued their search they served as mercenary soldiers and servants... ... middle of paper ... ...s have found the site of the Great Temple in downtown Mexico City where Tenochtitlan was once located. Archaeologists have uncovered all four sides of the building and recovered about 6,000 objects, including jewelry, pottery, statues, wall carving, and remains of human and animal sacrifices.
These civilizations created pyramids, temples, and monuments in honor of their gods and rulers. Their people proved to be intellectually advanced, and they were able to successfully create calendars, alphabets, and predict solar eclipses. They all developed differently from each other but shared one thing in common, the fact that they were all highly successful. It took a great many years to finally bring an end to these civilizations. Many attacks and assaults from the Spanish conquistadors, European diseases, and selfish kings to finally bring an end to their influence on the world.
The Aztec Calendar stone has become one Mexico’s national symbols. After decades of Latin American Art being degraded, underappreciated, forgotten, and abused, it has become one of Mexico’s most national treasures. After years of research from the Codex Mendoza, the Calendar, and documents by the Spanish conquistadors, it has gradually become clear as to how the Aztecs truly lived and how art played such a huge role in their society. It has not only given researchers insight to the Aztec culture and religion and has also given influence to modern and the mainstream media today such as fashion and graphic design. The stone was found in 1790 by accident in the Plaza Mayor of Mexico City, when workmen who were excavating the earth to pave the plaza.
Powerful capital cities, like Tikal and Calakmul, fought for complete control over the Maya world. None of the main cities achieved “lasting control” (Rubalcaba, 139/ 159). Later, during the Terminal Classic Period, the cities in the lowlands decli... ... middle of paper ... ...lus. However, good harvests were preferred for the sake of having enough for the entire population. In conclusion, the Maya lasted almost 3000 years as an empire.
These contributions are led to world history reminders thy give us an idea of how they survived and how they formed a big part of our world. How did the Mayans Empire end? Well, there’s a lot of reasons why the Mayans Empire ended, the collapse of the Maya is one of history’s excessive mysteries. One of the hugest cultures in the earliest Americas basically fell into destruction in a very small period of time. Enormous cities like Tikal were unrestricted and Maya stonemasons stopped making temples.
Some of the ancient structures in the world still captivate our imagination and astonish us till this day. Like Stonehenge one of the most recognizable and famous sites in the world. Additionally the Mayan civilization, that immediately reminds you of the prediction of the end of the world. Hence to extend our knowledge about the Stonehenge and the Mayan civilization I am going to talk about their culture, beliefs and their surroundings. The Mayan civilization was able to adapt itself amongst the harsh conditions and was able to live till today.
Two of the biggest and greatest civilization in the Americas were the Aztecs and Incas. These two civilization were both said to be conquered by the Spanish, but it wasn’t just the Spanish who conquered them. These two civilizations both fell from a combination of a weak government, lack of technology, new disease introduced by the invaders, and not being prepared for the invaders. For many centuries the Aztec civilization revolved around a ideological, social, and political system in which expansion was the cornerstone. Expansion was the cornerstone of their whole civilization, because their religion requested that a large number of human sacrifices where to be made to the gods.
The Aztecs were a very warlike people, but were very influential to our civilization. They lived in present day Mexico about 800 years ago. At first, they were a mostly nomadic civilization and that lasted about 100 years. Then they developed the first, and capital, city, Tenochtitlán. They developed many new types of government, religion, culture, technology, economy, and geography, as well as the calendar and new mathematical techniques.