The Wounded Knee Massacre was final result of the growing problems between the Lakota Sioux and the American Government. After the Civil War tension began to escalate and ended on December 29, 1890. When the government took over most of the Lakota land and forced them into reservations the Indian way of life was destroyed and the large bison herds were hunted until they were endangered. The life in reservations was also difficult since many of the promises made by the government remained unfulfilled: “Promises to increase rations, made by U.S. officials in 1889 in order to secure signatures to reduce Sioux treaty lands by half, and to create six separate reservations, had proved false. Instead, rations had been cut precipitously, and the people were nearly starving.” (Robertson 1).
For my non-fiction book report I chose a Native American by the name of Crazy Horse. Crazy horse had to start learning the way of the Sioux at a young age. He was born in the early 1840’s and died in 1877. He had already killed several enemies by age 14. He was leading the Sioux into war at age 18 with the other chiefs of the tribe.
Times were very hard for Native Americans during the mid to late 1800s. The reasons for their afflictions could only be blamed upon the United States of America. For thousands of years, Native Americans had roamed around the Americas. There had also been many tribes spread across the West that fought between each other in order to have their land.1 It wasn’t until after reconstruction in the United States, that the white Americans started having ordeals with the Native Americans. The main tribes involved in the conflict starting around 1850 were the Lakota people and the Sioux.
The Ghost Dance The Ghost Dance was a very important custom performed by many Indians during the 1880’s through the 1890’s. During the 1890’s, the Indian civilization started to die. The Ghost Dance was a dance that tried to bring back the dead and bring back the ways of the Indians. During those times the Indians were having a hard time dealing with all of the white men. The white men were trying to push the Indians out of their land.
Wounded Knee: The Ties of Religion and Violence On the morning of December 29, 1890, many Sioux Indians (estimated at above two hundred) died at the hands of the United States Army near Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Reservation. The Indians were followers of the Ghost Dance religion, devised by Wovoka, a Paiute prophet, as a spiritual outlet for Indian repression by whites. The United States Army set out to intercept this group of Native Americans because they performed the controversial Ghost Dance. Both whites’ and the Sioux’s misunderstanding of an originally peaceful Indian religion culminated in the Battle of Wounded Knee. This essay first shows how the Ghost Dance came about, its later adaptation by the Sioux, and whites’ fear and misunderstanding of the Dance, then it appraises the U.S. military’s conduct during the conflict, and American newspaper coverage of events at Wounded Knee.
Their boundaries just kept shrinking. All of this tension instigated a battle between the American Indians and the whites known as the Wounded Knee Massacre. However, the major causes of the Wounded Knee Massacre were western expansion, the Ghost Dance, and Sitting Bull’s arrest. A few years after the Civil War, the federal government opened the West for settlement. There was much at stake.
The Minneconjous, described by a disciple of the Ghost Dance called Kicking Bear, as being comprised of "…mostly women who had lost husbands or other male relatives in fights…[who] danced until they fainted, because they wanted their warriors back" (Brown 434) were desperate, starving and unarmed. So how did they come to be slaughtered so ruthlessly on the 29th day of the Moon of Popping Trees (December) in 1890 leaving only a few survivors out of some 300 souls? It all started with a plan by the U.S. Government to "solve" the problem of the Indians beginning with the theft of their land and ending with the murder of their culture. Thinking the territory useless, the U.S. Government signed a treaty in1868 promising "…the North Platte River was to be 'set asid... ... middle of paper ... ...hat those soldiers really felt threatened by a bunch of sad and beaten starving old men, women and children. Though not officially called a massacre at the time, the horrible crime committed by the U.S. military on that day has been recognized and memorialized.
"Pompey the Great Assassinated." History.com. Accessed May 10, 2014. http:// 10 www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pompey-the-great-assassinated. "The Ides of March: Julius Caesar Is Murdered." History.com.