Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice. Griffin, P., Addie, S., Adams, B., & Firestine, K. Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2011). Trying juveniles as adults: An analysis of state transfer laws and reporting (NCJ 232434). Retrieved from website: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/232434.pdf Kupchik, A.
What makes a criminal a criminal? Can anyone become a criminal? Answering and understanding these questions is the core work of criminologists as most criminologists attempt to make sense of why people do certain things (Garland, Sparks 2000). This essay will consider the notion that any person could become a criminal and in so doing consider the initial question. This essay will outline a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior in relation to criminal behavior given the complexities of behaviour.
Podgor, E.. (2007). The Challenge of White Collar Sentencing. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 97(3), 731-759. Retrieved April 19, 2012, from ProQuest Criminal Justice. (Document ID: 1392880651).
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Retrieved September 20, 2011, from Juvenile Transfer to Criminal Courts: http://www.ojjdp.gov Males, M. and D. Macallair (2000). “ The Color of Justice: An Analysis of Juvenile Justice Adult Court Transfers in California.” Washington, DC: Justice Policy Institute, January. Olson, J. K. (2005, May). Waiver of Juvniles To Criminal Courts. Retrieved September 20, 2011, from Judicial Discretion and Racial Disparity: http://www.cjcj.org/files/waiver_of.pdf Reverse Waiver.
Public perceptions of white-collar crime and punishment. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 36(1), 50-60. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2007.12.006 Podgor, E. S. (2007). The Challenge of White Collar Sentencing. Journal Of Criminal Law & Criminology, 97(3), 731-759.
The actual patterns of social relations are determined by the economy, institutionalized forms of the state or political power, and associated forms of culture and ideology (Gottfredson, 1998). Modes of behavior and their definition as criminal vary accordingly. Class structure gives rise to different types of criminality, which relate fundamentally to the needs of the dominant minority to control the laboring majority. Such a pattern ensures the continual production of social wealth, but it also ensures a continuation of economic exploitation and class struggle over the distribution of social surplus. Crime is simply one such expression of this class struggle, an endemic feature based upon the functional and dysfunctional characteristics of living in a class-based economic system.
"Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology 20.1 (2009): 66-73.Newspaper Source. Web. 25 May 2014. Kucharski, Thomas L., Joseph P. Toomey, Katarzna Fila, and Scott Duncan. "Detection of Malingering of Psychiatric Disorder With the Personality Assessment Inventory: An Investigation of Criminal Defendants."
Retrieved June 5, 2010, from http://www.unicef.org/crc/ Mallett, C. (2003). Socio-Historical Analysis of Juvenile Offenders on Death Row. Criminal Law Bulletin , 77-78. Ortiz, A. (2004a, January).