Tobacco has been used, enjoyed, and abused around the world for centuries. Originally tobacco was produced for pipe smoking and chewing (chewing tobacco). The first cigarette was made around the 1600’s, but didn’t become popular in America until the end of the Civil War. The invention of the Cigarette rolling machine in 1883 sparked a tremendous surge of production and sales of cigarettes around the world. It wasn’t until the 1950’s that health risks from long-term tobacco use became a real issue in the world. In 1966 the American Surgeon General demanded warning labels be put on cigarette cartons warning users the possible health risks associated with tobacco use. Tobacco use has been a growing epidemic in the United
In the late 1900’s a massive trend took over America. Smoking became a huge hit especially among teenagers. It was cool, and those that smoked sat at the top of the social ladder in high schools across America. The success of smoking and its popularity among teenagers was due to the public perception about smoking. At the time of its success, the public perception was wildly positive. There were claims that smoking had great effects on individual health and that there were no negative side effects. There is nothing more telling about the American perception of smoking than the movie Grease, where the nice girl becomes queen of the school after a lifestyle change that includes the addition of smoking. However, America has changed. Americans
Smoking is a prevalent sub-culture within American society. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention it is estimated that 18% of American adults smoke. Now 18% may not sound like a startling number but this small percentage is actually about 42 million people. (29-34) They may not be one of the largest sub-cultures in the country but this is a sub-group that millions have chosen to be a part of. With this many Americans a part of this sub-culture it is important to analyze the culture both present and past. Smoking and America has a long history that still has new twists and turns to this day. Using these evaluations of both past and present there is a possibility one can predict the next big event within the sub-culture of smokers.
The attitudes which surrounded cigarette smoking have seen a steady yet progressive shift from being ‘a [socially] acceptable and noncontroversial part of US life,’ to a seemingly chronic affliction that fuels a disgusting habit (qtd. in Graham...
Brandt, Allan M. The Cigarette Century: The Rise, Fall, and Deadly Persistence of the Product That Defined America. New York: Basic Books, 2007.Print.
In the United States today, more than forty six million Americans are addicted to cigarettes. More people have died due to cigarette smoking than from narcotic drugs, World Wars I and II, and the Vietnam War combined (Bailey 1). The annual death toll for cigarette smoking is more than four-hundred thousand Americans a year, and is the number-one preventable cause of death in the United States. If Americans are aware of the lethal effects of smoking, why is it still so popular? Guy Smith, a Phillip Morris Tobacco Company executive, claims that their research shows that advertising is the top reason people start smoking (Bailey 34). Most people will argue that this is not true because the do not like to be “sold” and do not like to admit advertising affects them. Despite their claims, more Americans buy brand name and heavily advertised products than any other country in the world (Bailey 33). Smoking in the mass media is advertised and portrayed in such a way that it is attractive to the public but does not warn about its harmful effects. The media also targets children and teenagers with cartoon advertisements and by putting them in areas that are attractive you young minds.
During the 1950’s Philip Morris created a tough cowboy character that was used to advertise filtered cigarettes. This character was known as the Marlboro Man. The Marlboro Man was a way to convey images of strength and sexiness to the male population. During the women’s liberation in the 1920’s and 1930’s smoking became popular to the female population as they were fighting for the right to vote and fighting for working the same jobs as men. Cigarette companies geared their product toward women by advertising cigarettes as symbols of strength and equality to women during this time. After World War II, women were sought after by ads focusing on their appearance. Cigarette companies portrayed smoking as sophisticated, feminine, stylish, and attractive to men. Smoking has gone from a sophisticated, elegant, normal look in the early decades, to the offensive, unhealthy, unwanted look it is today. People have not alway...
Smoking has been a major part of American culture since the end of the nineteenth century. While it made its most public debut while prohibition of alcohol was going on, it was seen as a negative thing just the same as drinking. With people beginning to feel negatively against smoking, as the same as drinking alcohol, it almost made the activity more popular. At this time there was a “rise in popularity in tobacco, especially in its new and most devious form, the cigarette” (Brandt, p.45).What brand a person smoked was all on preference, but the popularity of them was all on how it was advertised. It was known that a person “buys brands rather than cigarettes and it is the advertising that has built up this prestige in the consumers’ eyes for a particular product (Brandt, p. 78)”. One of the first main brands that became popular was Camel under the company of RJ Reynolds. Camel cigarettes were very successful and their advertisements are more than half the reason for it.
“ In 1965 42% of the population smoked. Today, 19% of Americans do.” (Christensen). No matter how meager nineteen percent may seem; forty million is a vast amount of people. These forty million people consciously inhale smoke from cigarettes and cigars and let chemicals and toxins into their bodies. That raises the question why do these forty million people smoke and what influenced these select people to begin to smoke. Do the people using tobacco not see the hundreds of anti-smoking commercials on TV that smoking is a dangerous habit? Or do they not see the scientifically proven studies on how smoking is directly correlated to negatively affect your health?
In this article “Tobacco Advertisements Encouraging Smoking” the author claims that the advertisement makes cigarettes most successful product in American history. According to the office of the Surgeon General, in1998, tobacco companies spent 6.7 billion dollars on marketing (Williams.pp.50). We see the big poster on the wall and a hero demonstrates smoke as a good behavior in the move. As we look back to 2007 campaign for the feminine Camel No.9 brand, girls’ night parties, gift bags, and print ads in fashion magazines had a significant impact on teens. Indeed, tobacco companies have a strategic advertisement for consumers to smoke (Roman pp.1). However, I believe that the tobacco companies maintaining cigarettes ads in order to play role in people life to make a decision to smoke. As I see the three main reasons to start smoking; Advertising, Friends smoke, and Family members smoke.
Of all the tobacco-smoking writers in England across the last century, none wrote more about his smoking habit than George Orwell. Orwell considered tobacco so essential to human existence that he could force his everyman in Nineteen Eighty-Four to live without sugar, chocolate, or indeed wine, but could not imagine depriving him of his tobacco ration. It is in fact Orwell who best indicates where my history ends. He describes an Englishman’s dependence on Tobacco in his infamous essay published in 1946:
Smoking Smoking is an addicting habit on the rise worldwide. Smoking across the globe has many different forms from cigarettes and cigars to pipes and shisha’s. There are many different reasons for smoking whether it is for medicinal reasons or recreational use. Smoking has been around for a very long time and in this essay I will discuss the origins of smoking, the serious health risks, economical burdens, the addicting materials as well smoking among teenagers. Despite efforts from governments and organizations to bring awareness to people across the globe of the serious dangers and implications of smoking, the number of smokers worldwide generally remains on the rise. Brief History Of Smoking Smoking in one form dates back to as early as 5000 BC. It was used in shamanistic rituals to allow the users to achieve a state of trance and connect with the spirit world. Cannabis smoking quickly spread through Africa and the Middle East almost 3000 years ago. Smoking was sighted in England as far back as 1556 and then spread to France in 1560. Tobacco was then brought into Africa by French traders in the early 1600’s. Tobacco at that time was chewed or smoked. Around that time many religious leaders banned smoking and considered it immoral and even blasphemous. The first machine made to produce cigarettes was made by James Bonsack in 1881 after the civil war. The negative effects of smoking were brought to public attention in 1929 by the paper published linking cancer and smoking. During the Great Depression and in Nazi Germany, Hitler viewed smoking as unnecessary and a waste of money and also that woman who smoked as unsuitable to be mothers and wives. After the Second World War, anti-smoking groups lost popularity and smoking increas...
Although the Tobacco Industry recently paid enormous fines to the US Government and Individual states, they continue to promote smoking and influence young human beings world wide to use their products through multi dimensional advertising. For decades Americans were not told the truth about the dangers of smoking. The media stayed silent because it did not want to lose the hundreds of millions of dollars it made from cigarette advertising.