The Manifesto Of The Communist Party

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The Manifesto of the Communist Party is a call to political action by the working class. German philosopher Karl Marx (May 5, 1818-March 14,1883) advocates a revolution of the working class, which involves a turn to communism in order for the working class to gain their financial and political freedom from the hands of the bourgeoisie. Karl Marx, in the Manifesto of the Communist Party, criticizes capitalism and places a deeper focus on class struggle. He offers suggestions that the working class should make in rebellion against the bourgeoisie class. In order for the proletariats to gain their financial freedom, Karl Marx asserts that the workers of the world must adopt a society of communism. The modern bourgeoisie society is a result of the failed feudal society. This new society established new classes, new conditions of oppression, and new forms of struggle in the place of the old ones. (219) The modern bourgeoisie society consists of two great opposing classes, the bourgeoisie class and the proletariat class. Marx describes the bourgeoisie class, as being the people who are oppressing. "By bourgeoisie is meant the class of modern Capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labor" (219). While the proletariat class are the people being oppressed. "By proletariat is meant the class of modern-wage laborers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labor power in order to live" (219). Karl Marx states that, “What, therefore, the wage-laborer appropriates by means of his labor, merely suffices to prolong and reproduce a bare existence.”(236) This implies that the worker barely makes enough money to live comfortably in the bourgeoisie society. The bourgeoisie cla... ... middle of paper ... ... production. (Marx, 244) In conclusion, Karl Marx strongly believes that if the proletariats want to gain their political and financial freedom then they must rebel against their oppressors, the bourgeoisie. The proletariats must adopt a communist society in order to end their exploitation by the bourgeoisie class, who only use the working class as a means for their advancement in society. A revolution of the working class will occur that will remove all capital from the hands of the bourgeoisie and place it in the hands of the new developed state where the proletariat is organized as the ruling class. Marx inspires the working class to not fear rebellion against their oppressors as he closes with saying, "Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE!”(258).
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