The Manhattan Project: The Manhattan Project

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The Manhattan Project At 5:30 AM July 16th 1945, the nuclear age had started. The world’s first atomic bomb was detonated. On August 6th 1942 at 8:15 AM, an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, dropped a perfected atomic bomb created by the Americans, over the city of Hiroshima hoping to end the war. Thousands of people died in the two cities in Japan. They were Hiroshima and Nagasaki “the Manhattan Project”. The research and development project that produced these atomic bombs during this time was known as “the Manhattan Project”. Atomic bombs were the first nuclear weapons to be developed, tested, and used. In the late 1930s physicists in Europe and the United States realized that the fission of uranium could be used to create an extremely powerful explosive weapon, in this case, the atomic bomb. How did the Americans build this weapon of mass destruction? What happened to the Japan after the bombing? Finally, How did this impact war? 1938 discovery of nuclear fission, Germany had a two-year head start on developing nuclear energy. The Americans' fear was that the Nazis would shape it into a weapon of mass destruction. Germany also had in its grasp two materials critical to its development, heavy water and uranium. They were available in abundance only in Norway and Czechoslovakia, both under Nazi control. On August 1939, a German-American physicist named Albert Einstein sent a letter to U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt that described this discovery and warned of its potential development by other nations. This letter was written by Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner and Edward Teller. Leo Szilard was a Hungarian American physicist. Eugene Wigner was a Hungarian American theoretical physicist and mathematician. Edward Telle... ... middle of paper ... ...that used latest of technology. They made Japan a major trade area so they could have access to other goods. The third phase was to have a peace treaty with Japan. In September of 1951, fifty-two nations met in San Francisco to discuss the treaty, and ultimately, forty-eight signed it. The notable holdouts were the USSR, Poland and Czechoslovakia, all of which disagreed to the promise to support the Republic of China and not do business with the People’s Republic of China that was forced on Japan by U.S. politicians. With Japan back on its feet from the horrible “Manhattan Project”, the U.S along with the other allied and axis powers could end World War 2. The question now could be, “Should America have started and accomplished the Manhattan Project. The new discoveries in science were great, but also very dangerous. Could this possibly start another Nuclear Age?

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