Efforts failed, but were picked up by the United States. Albert Einstein, although credited as the father of the atomic bomb, only lent support to begin American development. As it was to be, Robert Oppenheimer was the father of the atomic bomb. He directed the laboratory at Los Alamos, where the atomic bomb was designed and built. The whole development in the making of an atomic bomb was called the Manhattan Project.
In this race, it was for the creation of the fission bomb. Albert Einstein was also one of the scientists working on fission type reaction. Something different about Einstein is that he is from Germany, a country from the Axis power, and is helping the United States. He is helping the United States instead of Germany because he moved to the United States before Hitler became leader. In 1944, the United States knew Ger... ... middle of paper ... ...knows the United States has the power to use fission bombs.
When the atoms split it releases energy and if you put billions of these atoms together it could start a chain reaction and make a massive explosion. Three physicists leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, and Edward Teller, believed that a nuclear weapon was possible and germany already started working on one. They thought that this was very important to the war effort so important that the president, Franklin D. Roosevelt has to know about it. However they were not well known enough to get the attention of the president so they got the famous theoretical physicist Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein signed the letter and gave it to Roosevelt and he said that this needed action so Leo Szilard asked for six thousand dollars worth of materials to produce a nuclear chain reaction.
However, more important influences of this project can be seen following the detonation of the first bombs. The emergence of the United States as a world superpower following World War II, the tensions derived from the arms race during the Cold War, and current day struggles over the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty are all effects derived from the Manhattan Project. According to the US Department of Energy, President Roosevelt provided a government organization and mild funding for uranium research, following the release of information that Germany may have the capabilities of building an atomic weapon. The fear of an atomic weapon falling into the hands of Nazi Germany led to fear of the annihilation of the Western World. The Manhattan Project was escalated following the attack on Pearl Harbor, and Roosevelt gave the tentative okay to build an atomic weapon.
Once the bomb was tested, the United States had to decide whether it should be used and if so, where? Then there was the process of dropping the bomb. The Manhattan Project was overall one of the highest and most significant projects ever done in the United States.2 The United States government was shocked by the news of German scientists discovering nuclear fission. The news came to the United States from Albert Einstein. Einstein found out the nuclear fission information from a German physicist named Leo Szilard.
Along with Albert Einstein, they wrote a letter to President Roosevelt warning that Nazi Germany might also be working towards a uranium bomb; many of the important discoveries in atomic physics had been made at German universities. Roosevelt responded by setting up an advisory committee on uranium in October 1939. Under the aegis of this committee, American scientists at several centres examined the problem. The uranium that fissions is an isotope, a variation of an element that is chemically indistinguishable but different in its atomic structure. It is uranium-235, which constitutes only 0.7 per cent of uranium.
The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii at about 7:50 in the mourning. This brought America into the war and the Manhattan Project was on its way. The Manhattan Project included the designing and construction of the atomic bomb, and the execution of dropping the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. There were three major research and production sites for the project. The first was Los Alamos, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
The United States began fighting the Japanese. The United States began to defeat the Japanese and move forward into Japanese main land's; The Japanese refused to surrender the first time the United States demanded Japan too. Therefore on August 6, 1995, the U.A. dropped the atomic bomb “Little Boy”, on the city of Hiroshima. An estimated 140,000 were killed by this bomb.
Atomic energy is “the energy that is released through a nuclear reaction or radioactive decay process”(u.s.nrc). Jordan Termine stated, “According to Einstein’s researches, in 1939, he concluded the possibility of setting up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power would be generated”(findingdulcinea). The scientists that have significantly contributed to the development of nuclear weapons are: Albert Einstein, who first explored the nuclear fission and its potential use as a weapon. Another key player in this field was General Leslie Groves, who conducted the first nuclear test in New Mexico under a project called ‘memorandum of secretary of war’. J.Robert Oppenheimer, also known as the father of the atomic bomb, “was appointed scientific director of the Manhattan Project.
The Atomic Bomb Background of the Atomic Bomb It was during the Second World War that the United States became a world power, thanks in a large part to its monopoly on atomic weapons. The atomic bomb is a weapon with great explosive power that results form the sudden release of energy upon the splitting, or fission of the nuclei of such heavy elements as plutonium or uranium. This new destructive force wrecked havoc on two Japanese cities and caused the end of World War II. It also saved thousands of American lives because a ground invasion of Japan was no longer necessary. The decision to create the bombs was that of United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt under a secret military project that was called The Manhattan Project.