Affirmative action on the other hand is progressively trying to push for equality among the races and help those find a way to become equal in society without being discriminated against. In effect, affirmative action and racial profiling are two very separate points of views on the same subject due to the direction of where they want society to lead towards. Affirmative action and racial profiling strive for the same end result but chooses diverse ways of making it to that goal. Many even conclude that both want equality but in their own way. For example according to Elvin Lim, an associate professor at Wesleyan University, “by moving away from formal equality toward a more substantive conception of equality that incorporates the principle of historical remedy, a liberal can remain consistently pro-affirmative action, and still be anti-racial profiling.”.
He wasn’t just fighting for the equality of all African American but was also fighting for the equality of all men and women. Malcolm X is another great leader who fought for what he believed in. He was a black activist who, unlike King, promoted a little violence. Malcolm X wanted the nation (African Americans) to become more active in the civil rights protests. Both Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. had different methods for gaining civil rights.
Although Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois had similar goals to achieve racial equality in the United States, they had strongly opposing approaches in improving the lives of the black population. Washington was a conservative activist who felt that the subordination to white leaders was crucial for African Americans in becoming successful and gaining political power. On the other hand, Du Bois took a radical approach and voiced his opinion through public literature and protest, making it clear that racial discrimination and segregation were intolerable. The opposing ideas of these African American leaders are illustrated in Du Bois’ short story, “Of the Coming of John”, where Du Bois implies his opposition to Washington’s ideas.
“Through the publication Du Bois reached an increasingly large audience- one hundred thousand by 1919- with powerful messages that argued the need for black development and white social enlightenment” (Du Bois 884). Du Bois even writes about Washington and criticizes him in The Souls of Black Folk. He says “the time is come where one may speak in all sincerity and utter courtesy of the mistakes and shortcomings of Mr. Washington’s career (Du Bois 893). In this statement it proves that Du Bois and Washington did not agree on things, and this is why their writing styles were so different, because their opinions on gaining civil rights were also very
Therefore his whole speech not only focuses on the black community, though it is a major factor, but it also includes all races in his idea of freedom and equality. In contrast, Malcolm X narrow-mindedly focuses on black people and white people, wanting his people to gain what should be rightfully theirs. To him, “black unity” must be the first priority before “black-white unity”, and he continuously emphasizes in his text how they should focus on strengthening the black community (Malcolm X
Affirmative action is a policy or a program that seeks to redress past discrimination through active measures to ensure equal opportunity, as in education and employment. In addition to providing equal opportunity, affirmative action also serves as a form of reparation for the actions by white America in the past. With the advancement of African Americans in this society, some argue that affirmative action actually is a way to declare inferiority of the black people, and holds African Americans back in terms of progress in the nation. Others argue that it is the only way that the African American person can receive fair treatment in a nation that is still blinded by prejudice. Affirmative action is a crucial debate that has no finite solution.
The wanted all the races to be united. The inclusion of all races and especially the black Americans is that they were to reap so much benefit. Such as good education, black leaders' overwhelming concern was to be accepted at all costs into the American civic community, even at the price of government position and also to enjoy all the facilities of the American state other people enjoyed basic guarantees of civil liabilities, freedom economic opportunities and citizenship responsibilities. Black leaders initiated the first black American protest started b... ... middle of paper ... ...nal institutions since they have been oppressed for long time. Black nations have been reluctant in doing what will make their economy grow rather the approach has changed whereby they insist to be compensated on the injustices that they underwent.
Many others stand firm in the belief that it will do no more than make cultural differences more evident and harmful. Advocates believe that multiculturalism will benefit society in many ways. It will give majority groups a better understanding of minority groups and enhance, even further, the black person's right to freedom of speech which was oppressed for so long. They also believe that it will further all Americans' right to freedom of expression and that it s hould give everyone more history to learn about. The opposition believe that minority groups already have a pathway established to give the majority groups an understanding of minority individuality, and they believe that enough steps have already been t aken to give everyone the inherent right of freedom of expression.
Black excellence can be achieved by respecting those who do the same, and being active toward the change you would like to see. No minority should have to conform, conceal, or submit in order to receive the same opportunities that Caucasians are afforded. Sterling Lecater Bland, Jr describes in his article “Being Ralph Ellison: Remaking the Black Public Intellectual in the Age of Civil Rights” that Ellison personally used a different approach for being an advocate. He states, “Ellison’s foundational ideas about the duties of black artists and intellectuals in the public sphere became a kind of a through-line in how he crafted and maintained his own public role in the age of civil rights,” (Lecater, 53). Ellison understood that there can be different approaches to how you want to be perceived, but they do not include being a radical or a stereotype.
Black Americans who are audiences of the speech of Malcolm X will relate what he said to their own life. His point is change the view of Black Americans that they should be treated equally to White Americans. We are born in the same way and we can’t choose our identities so why we are treated differently just because our identities? In either case, rhetorical devices are used successfully in these texts. They build a strong argument about the right of Black American which motivates the movement of Black Americans to fight for their voting right and Civil rights.