From the American Revolution, the United States came to establish a strong government that functions to this day. The Articles of Confederation, written in 1777, was the first American Constitution. It was ratified in 1781. The Articles established that the Congress was to be the leading agency of government, that there was to be no executive branch, and that the judicial branch was to be left in the hands of the states. The Articles were scratched off in the Philadelphia Convention of 1786, and a brand new constitution was drafted.
Alexander Hamilton called for a convention to be held in Massachusetts to advise congress to “render the constitution”. Several problems came about that led to a new Constitution to be written in 1787. The Constitution called for a more united government that was given more power. The Constitution was supported by two major politicians and they were George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, who called themselves Federalist. In this essay we will review the major conflicts and distinctions between the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution.
By throwing off the British monarchy it left the states without a central government. The states needed a new government and fast, which paved way for the first constitution, the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation was started on November 15th 1777, and was in force on March 1, 1781. It was written to bring a union between the 13 states: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The article was written in the early part of the American Revolution by the committee of the second continental congress, because of the wars with Great Britain and the experience they have had with them.
The Constitution established the structure of the Government and a written set of rules to stabilizes the conduct of the government . The Constitution was ratified in 1788 in Philadelphia. After long diatribe and political battle between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists, they finally came to and Agreement. The Constitution divided the national government into three branches; Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The government is based upon the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances even though in practice many powers and functions interchanged and are shared.
Prior to the Constitution, the thirteen states were bound together by the Articles of Confederation. These were in essence a military alliance between sovereign nations adopted to better fight the Revolutionary War. 11. Bill of Rights: the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship. Critical to United States History.
The Articles of Confederation set the building blocks for the United States and at the time the purposes written in the Confederation sounded legitimate. However, after experiencing difficulties arising from the Confederation the Constitution of the United States was written. Amongst the documents there are many differences separating the two Constitutions, and why the Articles of Confederations and the Constitution were written and undertaken at the specific time
The Bill of Rights After the Revolution, the States adopted their own constitutions, many of which contained a Bill of Rights. The Americans still faced the challenge of creating a central government for their new nation. In 1777 the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, which were ratified in 1781. Under the Articles, the states retained their “sovereignty, freedom and independence,” while the national government was kept weak and inferior. Over the next few years it became evident that the system of government that had been chosen was not strong enough to completely settle and defend the frontier, regulating trade, currency and commerce, and organizing thirteen states into one union.
Constitution of United States With reference to the United States of America, a codified constitution which consists of the nations’ fundamental laws is used to establish the form of the government as well as the rights and liberties of the American people. The reason for a codified constitution in this country is to ratify the problems faced by the various states of America who had established an alliance under the Articles of Confederation to solve national problem as the Articles of Confederation lack the authority to make the states work together. As such, majority of the delegates at the constitutional convention that met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1787 decided to write new plan of government — the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution established not merely a league of states, but defines the powers delegated to the national government, protects the powers reserved to the states and the rights of every individual. The Constitution consists of a preamble, seven articles, and 27 amendments.
The United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787 by the constitutional convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the supreme law of the United States. After declaring its freedom from Great Britain after the Revolutionary War, America was in need of creating a government separate from the rule of the king. This task was not an easy one to accomplish. The first attempt at constitution, the Articles of Confederation, failed miserably.
In the history of the United States of America, our government has been defined by two very important documents. Reflecting on all governments of the past, they laid forth an impressive jumble of ideas that would lead the way to where we are today. These two documents are the Article of Confederation and the U.S Constitution. These two documents of precedent are both similar and unique, each with its own pros and cons, and neither being perfect. Both these documents addressed the prominent vital in national vs. state sovereignty, legislative selection process, and executive authority.