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The Magnificent Mount Vesuvius

Today, many people may consider Mount Vesuvius, as an object of special interest and marvel; to others it is possibly one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. This was not always so. “During the historic period previous to the Christian era, Vesuvius was not considered an active volcano” (Lobely, 1889, p.6) . By 79 A.D, Vesuvius made history as it came alive, and destroyed cities and killed thousands of people. A series of eruptions over the years have created what we know today as the magnificent Mount Vesuvius. To fully understand the wonders or the dangers of Vesuvius, one must first understand the inner structure and geological evolution of the volcano.
Volcanoes are considered to be the Earth’s vents; they allow certain things such as molten rocks, and debris from Earth’s upper mantle to be released on Earth’s surface. Volcanoes get their mountain-like shape because the lava and ash that has been produced year after year collects and hardens. Over 1,000 volcanoes are either considered active, dormant or extinct. An active volcano is likely to erupt at any time. Volcanoes that are dormant show no current signs of erupting soon but are likely to become active in the future. Other volcanoes are considered extinct, which means there is no possibility that the volcano will ever become active again. Among the active volcanoes in the world is Mount Vesuvius, which is located on the west coast of Italy. This is the only active volcano in continental Europe.
Volcanoes appear by a process known as plate tectonics. Plate tectonics are an age-old theory that says the Earth's outer shell is divided into several plates. There is evidence that a number of the countries were initially close together and that evidence is used to su...

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...neous Processes and Volcanism. The essential earth (2nd ed., p. 162). New York: W.H. Freeman.
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Mount Vesuvius - Italy. (n.d.). Mount Vesuvius, Italy: Map, Facts, Eruption Pictures, Pompeii. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://geology.com/volcanoes/vesuvius/
Mount Vesuvius Photos. (n.d.). Mount Vesuvius Photos. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://mountvesuvius.tripod.com/id6.html
Oskin, B. (2013, June 23). What is Plate Tectonics?. LiveScience. Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http://www.livescience.com/37706-what-is-plate-tectonics.html
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