Voltaire tries to tell us that women at that time period were vulnerable. Because of that, Cunegonde is blinded by the real situation of women. In Cunegonde's life she has only experienced rape and being sold so, it’s highly unlikely that her perspective of women being raped will change. Women probably felt offended because Cunegonde is basically saying how it’s better to be raped more than once in order for you to be virtuous. Besides women, some men probably felt responsible for how women were treated and all of this happened was due to men feeling superior to women.
Men are usually the ones who initiate any sexual act that’s going to take place. Therefore it’s more common to find that the men are harassing the women not saying it’s never vice versa but women are shown more in my research. My personal experiences aren’t exactly direct but it gave me a firsthand view on how this issue is sometimes hard to recognize but very prominent in society today. Studies show that being sexually harassed can effect and devastate your psychological health, physical well-being and vocational development. Therefore it’s better to be aware of the history, and behavioral concepts of this issue to avoid it from happening to you.
The world had been asking these questions for far too long and we need answers on how helping the children of our world. The questions that have been stated have been answered through the two articles that will be summarized below. Scholarly Article Summary There have been a large number of studies that compared adults that had been sexually abused as well as adults that had not and what their differences were. What about the effects that child abuse has on Adults? This study purpose is to try and pinpoint the effects that psychosexual functioning in adults has on sexually abused children.
Some studies showed a positive correlation between the violent threats towards victims and their decision not to pursue charges or any other mediation (Artz, 2011). In other words, threatened violence by the offender directed towards the victim was a reason behind the victim failing to cooperate. Artz (2011) further notes studies performed in the 1990’s showed women may not follow through with the process due to the criminal justice process itself. The process is very time consuming and with multiple court dates, taking off work and finding adequate childcare can create issues (Artz, 2011, p. 8). These studies also found the problems that can occur with the service of protection orders, misunderstanding of the criminal justice system itself, and once again, being afraid of the offender, will serve as a determining factor in a victims’ willingness to cooperate with further court proceedings.
The way we will probably use this paper is by using all the different outcomes this author gives on the social and emotional outcomes of children who have been sexually abuse. 6) “Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse– Later Criminal Consequences” Widom, Cathy. (1995) “Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse– Later Criminal Consequences” National Institute of Justice. Online. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/abuse.pdf Annotated Bibliography: In this article, the author discusses how it is more likely that when a person is an abused when young, can cause deviance to emerge when older, leading to criminality.
A recent study on female sex offenders by Roe-Sepowitz and Krysik (2008) states, “the data reveal that many of the 118 female juvenile sex offenders came from chaotic and disorganized families and had poor parental supervision and serious school and mental health problems”. As Becerra-García, García-León and Egan (2012) discuss further, there are also personality traits that sex offenders are likely to possess, which makes it possible for psychologists to distinguish general characteristics of sex offenders. These personality traits can be identified using the Five Factor Model, which scales an individual’s level of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. The Five Factor Model is an important tool for psychologist and even employers who wish to eliminate applicants that show signs of certain psychological traits. Findings by Becerra-García, García-León and Egan (2012) show that there is an identifiable difference between offenders assaulted as a child and offenders that were not assaulted.
Now we are seeing both boys and girls becoming abusers because they are understanding who has the power.” Times have changed and society has went from believing only women can be victims of domestic violence to all humans can be a victim to abuse. “Men can be victims too. I think we sometimes over look it and forget about it,” said Peterson. “We have to remember that their are same sex relationships. We don’t want to forget about the LGBT either and as much as it is difficult for men to get assistance when they are in a abusive relationship (and it is difficult) for transgender people it’s almost nearly
Due to the fact that it will now be decriminalized, more and more women won’t be reluctant to steer their lives toward the path of prostitution, believing that it isn’t morally wrong. Also people fear that it would advocate the issue of violence. According to the article, “Is Regulating the Solution to Sex Trafficking?” by Karen Coca, it states, “Although regulating sex trafficking can have beneficial issues… the bottom line is that it would validate sexual violence.” This statement although, can be considered inaccurate. Prostitutes have one of the highest rates of being assaulted, raped, and even being murdered. Since what they are doing isn’t legal, the prostitutes obviously would hesitate in calling the police, therefore resulting in even worse situations.
The only true attention they received was mostly through ... ... middle of paper ... ...rstand concepts such as rape culture or misogyny. People’s environment and society influence their values. I won’t get into the discussion of either, but I understand better that it’s not solely ignorance that someone can say, “Yes, women are not superior”, or “She deserved to be raped because her outfit was asking for it”. If that person grows in that culture where it’s the norm to have those kind of thoughts, that person in their mind is not going to initially question that. Basically, some of the same concepts and ideas in Sociology can be found in Psychology.
It is not a topic that is brought up often, especially at schools or at gatherings, yet it is crucial that everyone be educated, or at least informed on a topic that affects women every day. “Given that sexual violence continues to occur at high rates in the United States, it is vital that we understand attitudes and cultural norms that serve to minimize or foster tolerance of sexual violence” (Aosved, 481). Growing rates of sexual violence goes to prove that it is not taken seriously by many, especially when myths excuse the actions of the perpetrator and instead guilt victims into thinking they are responsible for the horrible act. Burt (1980), in her article titled, “Cultural myths and support for rape” attempts to make sense of the importance of stereotypes and myths, defined as prejudicial, stereotypes, or false beliefs about rape, rape victims and rapists- in creating a climate hostile to rape victims (Burt, 217). Examples of rape myths are such sayings as “only bad girls get raped”; “women ask for it”; “women cry rape” (Burt, 217).