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The Literature of the Harlem Renaissance

Between 1910 and 1920, thousands of African-American moved to the north from the south. The slavery issues and discrimination towards black peoples were very intense in the south at that time. On account of that, they moved to the North and most of them moved to Harlem, a section of New York City. This great migration was the beginning of the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance or also known as the Negro Renaissance or the New Negro Movement was literary and artistic movement by the African-American (Singh). The Harlem Renaissance was the first formal literary movement that focused solely on the work of black writers (Constantakis). The literature of this period was a self-conscious exploration of racism and identity, particularly what it meant to be black and an American. This movement was led by well-educated class blacks. Those well-educated blacks are called the New Negro. The new Negro was American who contributed to his social and cultural community, and this was happen in Harlem. Most of them express their feeling as an African-American through poetry. They were proudly written about African-American culture. Some of them were writing about the discrimination they got as a black people. At that time, the African-American were struggling to get equal treatment. As an American, they had a dream that someday the black people can get their rights as same as the white. There were several people wrote poems about black people and helped define the Harlem Renaissance, such as Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Helene Johnson, Claude McKay, Jessy Redmon Fauset, Jean Toomer, and Angelina Weld Grimke. Those people trying to tell the world how proud and grateful they were as African-American through poetry. Further, they want to ...

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..., democracy, and brotherhood must come to all people and races, no matter what. Basically, the African-American poets wanted to say to all of Americans that even though they are black, they are still part of the nation. After all, there is one thing for sure that black people are also American, in which, they had rights and deserve to get equal treatment as same as the whites.

Works Cited

Constantakis, Sara. Poetry for Students. Stamford: Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.
Romero-Munoz, Eloy. Gandering the Color Line in Angeline Weld Grimke’s “Fragment.” Modern American Poetry, 2001. Web. 23 November 2013.
Singh, Amrijit. The Oxford Companion to United States History. Oxford African American Studies Center. Web. 23 November 2013.
Westover, Jeff. Africa/America: Fragmentation and Diaspora in the Work of Langston Hughes. Project Muse, 2002. Web. 23 November 2013.

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