The war was one of many “proxy” wars between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, with the U.S. providing weaponry including napalm to Batista which he used brutally against the population. The guerillas received aid from the U.S.S.R., succeeded in winning popular support and eventually overthrew the Batista government in 1959. Despite the support they received from the U.S.S.R., and the support the U.S. had given to their enemy, the revolutionary leaders were not blind to the importance of the U.S. to Cuban economic viability and military security. Cuba is only ninety miles from the coast of Florida, and at the time of the revolution the majority of the Cuban economy was either trading with the U.S. or serving American tourists. Because of this, the more moderate Dr Manuel Urrutia Lleó was briefly made President in an attempt to soften tensions with the U.S,.
In 1954 and ’58 the country held presidential elections that, though purportedly “free,” were manipulated to make Batista the sole candidate”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).“Faced with the collapse of his regime and with the growing discontent of his supporters, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on January 1, 1959”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).Bastia ruled totalitarian rule, jailing anyone against him, using terrorist methods, and getting cash for him and his friends(The Editors ... ... middle of paper ... ... 2014. . Roques, Richard. "History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution." History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution. Http://www.rcgfrfi.easynet.co.uk, n.d.