Upton Sinclair was born in September 20, 1878, in Baltimore. His father, who was an alcoholic, moved him and his family to New York in 1888. His family was very poor, but he spent a lot of time living with his grandparents (Simkin). “Upton Sinclair was a Mid-Twentieth- century novelist and journalist known as a muckraker, whose books exposed the exploitation of the working class” (Rhode 1377). His hard childhood eventually turned him into a socialist.
Online. 6 March 2003. http://web4.infotrac.galegroup.com/81433&dyn=9tar_fmt?sw_aep=unio58461 Railton, Stephen. "The Joads and Their Oppressors." Bloom 31. Steinbeck, John.
http://www.usinternet.com/users/bdbournellonie.htm. March 1, 2002. Clendenning, John. "Nathaniel Hawthorne." The World Book Encyclopedia.