The Life and Work of August Strindberg

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The Life and Work of August Strindberg “What is life and what is its meaning?” August Strindberg asked this question many times throughout his life. He questions human existence, good and evil, happiness and sorrow, from the beginning of mans life until the end, in every thing he writes. He wrote novels, plays, poetry and over 7,000 letters. The collected works consists of 55 volumes. Strindberg was known best for his expressionist plays that he had made throughout his life. August Strindberg was born in Stockholm in 1849. Before he became a writer he studied at Uppsala university and worked as a librarian and a journalist. In 1877 he married Siri Von Essen with whom he had three children, Karin, Greta and the son Hans. After twelve years they divorce and Strindberg, not feeling appreciated in Sweden, moves to central Europe. After a couple of years of "artist life" with people like and he marries the young Austrian Frieda Uhl . After a stormy year travelling in Europe they divorce. Then for his third marriage Harriet Bosse became his wife. But that marriage also ended in divorce. Historian’s say that the reason his plays are expressionistic is that most of them model his experiences in life. Strindberg was thought to be one of the greatest within world literature. He was the gentleman, a man of the world, who was polite and friendly and knew how to behave in literary circles and other important occasions. But he could also turn his back on the world, when something happened in his life and he detested everything and everybody. Strindberg's early works were mostly novels and plays they are strongly naturalistic. They were written in to go against the widespread romanticism that was in Swedish literature. Strindberg was an known as “the godfather” of naturalist drama. He was so far ahead of his time that he never really enjoyed the success that his talents deserved. People back then could not truly appreciate his writings, so therefore he could not truly appreciate his success. At first his plays were too realistic, and the effects of those plays were much too weak. Soon he decided to be more expressionist in his plays. Those expressionistic plays came in two parts. First in 1914 to 1915 then from 1919 to 1922. These plays were more successful then his realistic plays were. Strindberg kept writing throughout his life, but eventually died of stomach cancer in May of 1912. “A Dream Play” was maybe the first drama to engage a dream-like
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