Contemporary Literary Criticism. Gale Group. 17 April 2001 http://www.galenet.com/servlet/LitRC/.
"On 'The Hollow Men.'" July 7, 2001. http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/eliot/hollow.htm Smith, Grover. T.S. Eliot's Poetry and Plays: A Study in Sources and Meaning. Chicago: University: Chicago Press, 1956.
The Luminarium. 4 Dec. 2001. http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/donne/valname.htm "John Donne - Biography and Works." The Literature Network. 1 Jan. 2000. 9 Dec. 2001. http://www.online-literature.com/donne/ "The Life of John Donne (1572-1631)."
9 April 2001. 24 March 2002. <http://detnews.com/2001/technews/0104/09/b01-209360.htm> Grohol, John M. Psy D. "Psychology of Weblogs". Online posting. April 2001.
However, there is an optimistic undertone in that the speaker does show how much African Americans have endured. It is obvious that Hughes believes that "black power" will reemerge in one form or another. Through the course of this poem the speaker is basically saying that he has seen black history from beginning to end and underst... ... middle of paper ... ...t he has had some traumatic experience in which the white man has treated him poorly. Very similar to the rest of the poems it is obvious that the theme of this poem involves black society taking action as a whole. It is not enough to "sing" freedom.
Eliot Selected Poems Faber and Faber Limited, London, 2002 Nicol, Andrew http://www.philosophyclassics.com/essays/680/ (April 2004)  T.S. Eliot To-Day September 1918  M. Herbert T.S. Eliot Selected Poems York Press London 2000
<http://www.literatureclassics.com/authors/frost> Lynen, John F. "The Pastoral Art of Robert Frost." (March 2, 2003) <http://www.frostfriends.org/FFL/Nature%20and%20Pastoralism%20-%20Lynen/lynenessay1.html> Pasero, Jeanne. "A Tribute to Robert Frost." October 9, 2002. March 3, 2003.
26 March 2002 <Via www.findarcticles.com [http://www.findarticles.com/m0GER/200_Winter/68617361/pl/article.jhtml]> Grohol, John M., Psy.D. “Internet Addiction Guide.” PsychCentral December 1999. 26 March 2002. http://www.psychcentral.com/netaddiction/ Grohol. John M. Psy.D. “Psychology of Weblogs” PsychCentral April 2001.
Modern American Poetry. 11 Nov. 2003 http://www.poets.org/poets/poets.cfm?prmID=84 Langston Hughes. Apr 3, 2002. Poets.org 11 Nov. 2003 http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/cullen/life.htm