“The Life and Death of Martin Van Buren”

Powerful Essays
Martin Van Buren was the eighth President of the United States. He was born on December 5, 1782, and was raised in Kinderhook, New York, where he was the third out of five children. He was born to Abraham Van Buren and Maria Hoes Van Allen. Van Buren was the first President not to be of English, Irish, Welch, or Scottish descent. He was also the first President who didn’t experience the American Revolution firsthand, and he was the only President not to have spoken English as a first language being of Dutch descent. His nickname was “Old Kinderhook”. Before his Presidency he served as the eighth Vice President (1833-1837) and the tenth Secretary of State under President Andrew Jackson. Van Buren was the key organizer of the Democratic Party, and he was a dominant figure in the Second Party System. He was the first of a series of eight Presidents, between Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln who served one term or less. During his Presidency his administration was largely characterized by the economic hardship of his time which was the Panic of 1837, which was a financial crisis in the United States that touched off a major recession until the 1840s. He was a key figure in helping President Andrew Jackson build Jacksonian Democracy. After four years in office Van Buren was voted out of office, and then he retired to his grand estate known as Lindenwald. Later he married his maternal cousin Hannah Hoes on February 21, 1807. She later died in 1919 before her husband became President. He tried to re-enter office in the 1840, but was defeated by William Henry Harrison. Martin Van Buren believed in fixing all problems by himself he refused all political aid, and he believed in Thomas Jefferson’s theories that governmen... ... middle of paper ... ...enwald at 2 A.M. He is buried beside his beloved wife Hannah in the Kinderhook Cemetery, along with their four children. Works Cited 1) Shepard, Edward Morse. Martin Van Buren. Vol. 18. Houghton, Mifflin, 1899. 2) Van Buren, Martin. "Martin Van Buren." President of the United: from George Washington to Barack Obama (2001): 203. 3) Van Buren, Martin. The Autobiography of Martin Van Buren. Ed. John Clement Fitzpatrick. Vol. 2. US Government Printing Office, 1920. 4) Silbey, Joel H. Martin Van Buren and the Emergence of American Popular Politics. Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. 5) Widmer, Ted. Martin Van Buren: The American Presidents Series: The 8th President, 1837-1841. Macmillan, 2005. 6) Crockett, David. The Life of Martin Van Buren.. Nafis and Cornish, 1845. 7) Mintz, Max M. "The Political Ideas of Martin Van Buren." New York History (1949): 422-448.
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