The question, however, still remains, was the Louisiana Purchase a necessity for the young growing nation, or was the purchase an unconstitutional act done by President Thomas Jefferson himself? At the end of the French and the Indian War France had given up its claims to lands west of the Mississippi to Spain. However, when Napoleon came to power he took back the Louisiana lands from Spain. The news of this transaction reached the United States government. This alarmed the president and the rest of the republicans, for they feared the French control of the western lands.
Did Thomas Jefferson give up his deeply held political values in order to purchase the Louisiana Territory from the French (P. 2)? This is the major question that has led to much debate within the early history of America (P. 1). Some historians argue that Thomas Jefferson did, in fact, throw away his commitment to states’ rights and constructionism by the large purchase of Louisiana for the U.S. (P.1). On the other hand, some believe that President Jefferson supported his political beliefs, the fortification of the republican government, with the Louisiana Purchase (P. 1). David A. Carson argues in “Blank Paper of the Constitution: The Louisiana Purchase Debates” that Thomas Jefferson did abandon his political ideals when purchasing Louisiana (P. 1).
France saw this as American taking the side of Britain during the war and they start to impress American soldiers, also Jay’s Treaty never said that the British had to stop impressing their soldiers. To stand their ground Ame... ... middle of paper ... ...ntries. John Quincy Adams wrote the Monroe Doctrine. John Quincy Adams, who was Secretary of State at the time, wrote the Monroe Doctrine, because of the treats from European countries wanting to take over Latin American colonies. Americans didn’t want Latin America because they had just fought for their independence.
When Jackson had won the war he had been named as the “Hero of New Orleans.” Another cause was that the British wanted the land west of the Mississippi.... The United States did what they had to do in order to show other countries that we were a strong independent country. We were no longer a weak country that was connected to Britain. For the American-Mexican War President James K. Polk had to do what he had to do. He wanted Texas as one of our states and so did Mexico.
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 was a American acquirement from France of the formerly Spanish region Louisiana. When the secret agreement of 1801 was revealed , where Spain went back to Louisiana to France, excited the uneasiness in the United States both because Napoleon France was an aggressive power and because western settlers depended on the Mississippi River for commerce. In a letter to the American minister to France Robert R. Livingston, President stated that “The day that France takes possession of New Orleans...we must marry ourselves to the British fleet and the nation.” Late in 1802 the right of deposit at New Orleans, granted to Americans by the Pinckney Treaty of 1795, was withdrawn by the Spanish intending (Louisiana was still under Spanish control). Although Spain soon restored the right of deposit, the acquisition of New Orleans became of paramount national interest. Jefferson instructed Livingston to attempt to purchase the “Isle of Orleans” and West Florida from France.
Jefferson didn't think that Napoleon would sell all of this land, but he asked him anyway if he was willing to sell. To his surprise Napoleon did want to sell this land because he needed more money for his fight with Great Britain. So Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory, and doubled the nation's size. This purchase was a mastermind move by Jefferson that let the farming nation trade using the whole Mississippi. Another achievement of Thomas Jefferson was the exploration of the Louisiana Territory.
Spain originally claimed this territory but it was also claimed by France who owned it from 1699 to 1762 until they gave it to Spain. Spain, who defeated France in the Seven Years War, took control of the territory west of the Mississippi river. Then, in 1800 France took it back under Napoleon’s rule in the hope of building a new empire in the United States. Extremely skeptical about buying the extra territory, Thomas Jefferson saw it to be unconstitutional. He decided to go through with the purchase to rid France from the region and protect United States trade access to the port of New Orleans and free passage on the Mississippi River.2 Thomas Jefferson also called it “an ample provision for our posterity and a widespread field for the blessings of freedom.”3 The United States only wanted New Orleans because of its exports, but a man named James Madison, Secretary of State, originally paid for the Louisiana Purchase.
The senators wanted the government to still have some control and they viewed this as something that would thin our government’s power, but the Louisiana Purchase opened the door for future leaders to take advantage of powers not specifically enumerated in the text of the Constitution lessening the influence the states had in domestic issues. (Bostian, 2001). Despite all the moral dilemmas that Thomas Jefferson faced when making the Louisiana Purchase the one thing most concerning was the idea that France may gain complete control of this area. Lead by the notorious general Napoleon Bonaparte the French posed a big threat to American trade, especially in the case of New Orleans which was one of the most important ports for trading with other countries. Jefferson’s concerns in this matter were made clear when he said “The day France takes possession of New Orleans we must marry ourselves to the British fleet and nation.” (Carnes, Garraty 2005 p.g.
Soon enough, Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican policies clashed with the Federalist policies of Alexander Hamilton, who believed in an urban-based society and a strong central government. In addition, Jefferson was a believer in a strict interpretation of the Constitution. When he decided to buy the Louisiana Territory from France, however, he had to compromise his beliefs—the Constitution didn’t have a provision for the purchase of land. Therefore, the first major question that arouse from the purchase of the Louisiana Territory was whether or not the purchase was constitutional. There are two methods one can use when interpreting the Constitution.
The Emancipation Proclamation emancipated slaves only in the Confederacy and did not apply to the Border-states and the Union states. At this point of time of the war; in 1862/1863 the Union army was losing against the Confederacy; the Confederacy was leading the war. The number of Union’s casualties was twice the number of the Confederacy’s casualties. Lincoln waited to issue the proclamation because when announcing out loud his first draft, his cabinet suggested him to wait so that it would not be seen as a desperate act. That is why, in September 17, 1862, when the Union army won the battle of Antietam that 5 days later, Lincoln said that if the Confederacy army has not surrender by the New Year, all slaves in the Southern states would be free.