Stretching nearly 1,200 miles, the Santa Fe Trail was a monumental and influential trading route that spread from Franklin, Missouri, across the Great Plains to the mountainous town of Santa Fe, New Mexico. It opened up a gateway to the west for many traders who hoped to make a living by selling their goods to the previously isolated areas of the current American Southwest. Some of the most profound impacts that the Santa Fe Trail had on the history of New Mexico include the exposure of New Mexican’s
Spanish America PART ONE THE CONQUEST AND COLONIZATION OF THE SOUTHWEST 1 Legacy of hate: The conquest of Mexico's northwest A. The invasion of Texas-Not all the Anglo-Americans favored the conflict. Eugene C. Barker states that the immediate cause of the war was " the overthrow of the nominal republic by Santa Anna and the substitution of centralized oligarchy" which allegedly would have centralized Mexican control. Texas history is a mixture of selected fact and generalized myth.