The Leaning Tower of Pisa or other wise know as Tower of Pisa or Bell Tower of Pisa is located in Pisa, Italy, is said to be one of the most memorable architectural structures from medieval Europe and also one of the wonders of the world. Although it has many names it is actually referred to as the bell tower or campanile. The Pisa Tower is one of the four buildings that make up the cathedral complex of Italy called Campo dei Miracoli or Pizza dei Miracoli. The four buildings include a cathedral, baptistery, campanile, and Pisa Tower. These four buildings are said to be the most impressive for of art of Romanesque architecture in Italy. The Leaning Tower of Pisa’s architect is said to be Bonanno Pisano, but there is controversy that Guglielmo and Diotisalvi had part in the design as well. The Pisa Tower only measures one third as high as the Washington Monument, measuring about one hundred eight six feet on its high side and about one hundred and eighty three on its low side. This height is considered a miracle, due to the fact it was a medieval engineering miracle. The tower is made from marble and stone and construction began in 1173 and lasted about two hundred years up until 1372. It is considered a miracle due to medieval engineering. The tower took so long to build due to series of wars. The tower consists of eight stories, two hundred and seven columns, two hundred and ninety-seven steps that spiral the inside, two hundred and eleven arches and seven bells.
The tower was designed to be like any other tower, perfectly vertical.
Construction of the building was built in stages. The first stage consisted of the building of the first three floors. Construction for the ground floor began on August 1173, construction of the ...
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...ed and it was declared that it was the first time in history the tower stopped moving.
Due to safety reasons the tower was closed from 1990-until December 15th 2001, this caused money problems. The design process alone cost twenty-five million taxpayer dollars. Since the tower was closed to tourist for that period of time it was said that Pisa would lose about two million dollars in revenue per year.
In conclusion the Pisa Tower today is looked at as a miracle in many different ways. The soil on which the tower was built on was very unstable and difficult to work with afterwards to save this historical building. Soil extraction was the successful process that saved the Pisa Tower from collapsing. Professor Burland, who oversaw the restoration, believes the tower will stay in its current condition and will continue to be safe for the next two hundred years.