Unfortunately for Wilson, a steadfast pacifist, he had to resort to war to secure peace for the future. By entering the war the United States was able to play a powerful role in peace talks after the fighting ended. Although the peace talks did not stop keep WWII from happening, that was Wilson’s goal.
As the war developed and the desperation of the Allies increased, Roosevelt realized the need to support the allies (the non-aggressive democracies that he was ideally tied to) or face a group of unreceptive countries in the postwar world. However, his American people had set up a barrier of isolationism between the US and any foreign involvement. Roosevelt understood their view but he said, “[it would take time to] make people realize that war will be a greater danger to us if we close all doors and windows then if we go out in the street and use our influence to curb the riot” (Kissinger 381). As a result, Roosevelt decided to persuade his peo... ... middle of paper ... ...ort the allies without being drawn directly into the war (the US people didn't want to be dragged into a war and so supported FDR's policy). Even though Roosevelt did not want to get directly involved in the war, he knew it would happen sooner or later.
His main arguments are his explanations of how each country was responsible for the creation of the war. His first explanation is that of how Serbia was partly responsible. Fay explains that Serbia knew that by not co-operating with the Austrian government over the implications of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand assassination they were indirectly preparing for a war they would fight but did not want. Fay says that Austria was more responsible for the war than any other power but not in military attack, but more in the form of self-defence. He makes it clear that Austria was justified in their battle and that they didn’t have to, “sit back and await the dismemberment at the hands of its neighbors.” (Fay, The origins of the World War).
Justifying Appeasement Appeasement was the foreign policy followed by the British and French governments in the 1930s, whereby they did not attack or confront other governments, specifically that of Germany's, when international laws were breached, but rather gave into some of the demands to keep the peace. After the horror and dramatic loss of innocent lives (amassing over 3 million) in the First World War, both the French and the British governments were keen to avoid any more blood shed and their pacifist policies meant they started to take a very lenient attitude towards breached international laws. They knew that the general public, for whom the memories of war were still rife, thought the idea of another conflict unacceptable. When the Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931, the League of Nations were unable to enforce any effective sanctions and when Mussolini invaded Abyssinia in 1936, the economic sanctions they managed to enforce had little effect. Without military threat the League of Nations had little power over countries who broke the laws and the British and French wanted to abstain from conflict, even if it meant no resolution was met.
Quickly fear began to collect within the public, and it wasn’t before long that the fear translated into support for the new policies of foreign involvement. Truman mentioned in his speech that this investment of U.S. resources paled in comparison to the cost of World War II. Truman insisted it is a necessity to secure the investment in peace achieved through the war by the means of curbing the communist agenda via foreign involvement and aid. This effort was portrayed as a way to prevent further wars, but instead directly contributed to the start of the cold war. Truman’s final lines in his speech stretch from instilling a fear of the communist regime exclaiming “The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want.
When concerning motives, the Treaty of Versailles had a general motive and then individual motives. The general motive for all the countries involved was to ensure that another war like World War One would not occur. The carnage and general disapproval for the first war made it a priority to leaders to make a treaty that would stop another war, although in hindsight this treaty only encouraged another war (Versailles, 245) by making Germany more powerful and vengeful. The individual motives depended on each individual country. For example, Great Britain’s motive was to make sure that Germany would no longer by a threat to it (Versailles, 223).
Repealing this embargo showed that America favored Britain and France. This decision sparked worry in Americans because this could easily lead to involvement in the war. Roosevelt’s response to this fear of war was quite simple; we can only stay out of war if the British and French do well. Roosevelt starts this “sales pitch” by using rational appeal, in attempts to prove this is the logical approach. Roosevelt does this by explaining he repealed the embargo to supply these countries with the proper firepower to protect democracy.
Since the beginning of the Unites States’ existence, Americans believed it was their duty to spread democracy and instill US values and ideals from the Constitution onto other countries. Entering the war and defeating the Nazis dictatorship would defeat fascism as well, for democracy and fascism cannot co-exist. The US felt like their way of government was the best form, and imputing democracy would save the world from people like Hitler. There was an obligation of spreading the ideals: liberty, opportunity, democracy, rights, and equality in order to have a more peaceful and just society. However, some historians believe that the US government’s main goal wasn’t to better the world, it was for US imperialism.
His main aim was to establish a buffer state in the Rhineland, which would give him a natural defence line if the Germans tried to attack. Lloyd George was a realist who believed that they should not make Germany pay too much because someday if Germany re-built their Armies then they would want revenge. However in public he wanted to show that he wanted a 'Hard Treaty' that would make Germany pay. Wilson was an idealist that believed he could make the world perfect. He agreed with Lloyd George.
Germany and Britain each sought to end U.S. trade with the other. With a series of what Berlin called "illegal" blockades, Britain gained the upper ha... ... middle of paper ... ... as long as it did because the addition of the United States to the Ally powers could only be of disadvantage to the Germans. The United States, however, benefited the most from their decision to remain neutral because they were able to avoid a long and brutal war. Their economy and industry was also boosted at the beginning of the war when they were able to trade peacefully with both sides. By remaining neutral, the U.S. was able to delay entering such a controversial war.