The League Of Nations: The Charter Of The United Nations

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The First World War was thought to be the only war of its level and kind and was thus, also called the “Great War”. Fearing its recurrence, the victors of the said war agreed under common terms that a binding organization tasked with fulfilling said job (preventing a world war from happening again) was necessary and the League of Nations was created. However, as we repeatedly learned from school, the League, while successful in some, was a great failure and the Second World War happened.
The Charter of the League was based on Woodrow Wilson’s the 14 Points. It is founded on the idea of self-determination, free commerce, and rule of law. He criticized the European system of Political Realism and strongly believed that his ideas with these 3
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The Victors of WWII were the founding members and this gave the UN its needed foundation and authority that its precursor lacked due to the United States’ non-participation and Russia’s late admittance. No member can leave the UN in their own accord unless the country’s membership is nullified via voting in the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council, unlike the League where Germany, Italy, and Japan for instance just left. The UN doesn’t necessitate unanimous vote in decision-making (e.g. issuing mandates) but only a specific number of “YES” from member states while the League needed unanimous votes that made it impossible for rules to be passed. The existence of a private multi-national Peace Keeping Force that enforces the vision of the UN which the League didn’t have is crucial too. The latter didn’t have any force stopping members from doing what they shouldn’t do and stronger nations attacked weaker ones like what happened between Italy and Ethiopia and Japan and China. Plus, the appeasement policy taken by members of the League towards Germany’s expansionism. Finally, a more agreeable punishment was signed in the Treaty of San Francisco and most of these were planned years before WWII
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