The Laparoscopic Method

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The medical world is a place full of constant change and evolution. One area of medicine that has changed a lot over the last ten years is surgery. Instead of traditional open surgery, surgeons can now use a method called laparoscopic surgery. As defined, laparoscopic surgery is an “operative procedure performed using minimally invasive surgical technique for exposure that avoids traditional incision. Visualization is achieved using a fibre optic instrument, usually attached to a video camera” (Medical-Dictionary.com). Laparoscopic surgery is remarkable from how it works to the many different procedures that can be performed through laparoscopic surgery, and how much less trauma it causes the body than open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is also known as minimally invasive surgery. Surgeons use the laparoscopic method to perform surgeries of the abdomen. According to the world Laparoscopy Hospital, laparoscopic surgery is different from traditional open surgery in that instead of a five to seven inch incision that takes around six weeks to heal, it uses several small incisions about one half to one centimeter long that only take a few of weeks to heal. The length of the incisions depends on the type of surgery being performed. Each of the small incisions is called a port. The surgeon inserts a small tubular instrument called a trochar cannulla into each port. That instrument is what allows the surgeon to insert the laparoscope and other surgical instruments into the patient’s body. To perform the surgery using the laparoscopic method the surgeon has to inflate the patient’s abdomen with carbon dioxide gas. Doing this provides space to see and perform the surgery. When the laparoscope is inserted into one of the ports, it displ... ... middle of paper ... ...ttp://www.sages.org/publication/id/pi11>. B. Todd Heniford, et al. "Ectopic Pancreatic Tissue Presenting As Submucosal Gastric Mass." Journal Of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 12.5 (2002): 333-338. Academic Search Premier. Web. 15 Jan. 2012. "Diagnostic Laparoscopy." MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2 September 2010. Web. 9 Jan. 2012. . "Care for the Surgical Patient." World Health Organization. Web. 9 Jan. 2012. . "Gallbladder removal- open." MedlinePlus. 17 August 2011. Web. 15 Jan. 2012. . "Laparoscopic Abdominal Surgery." NYU School of Medicine. New York University School of Medicine , 2001. Web. 9 Jan. 2012. .

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