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The King's Madness And The Regency Crisis

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Lee 1
A regency is a time period when a country is ruled by a temporary king or queen, because the monarch is not present, too young, or is incapacitated at the time. A regent, (the person taking the king/queen’s power) may also be put in place if the royal blood line has died out. In 1788, the King of Britain fell ill to an unknown disease at the time, currently known as porphyria. He had mild bouts of illness early in his reign but it significantly and noticeably deteriorated in the 1788. George III was faced with stress, excessive sweating, unnatural blistering, severe mental confusion and headaches. During this time period, the government believed that he was mad due to his actions. This is where the King got his nickname “The Mad King”. If the King was truly mad, regency would definitely be necessary. The Regency Crisis truly deserved its name due to the madness of the King, political parties, and the British Legal system during this time.
The King’s madness certainly started to be noticed in the 1788 during his reign. During this time there were two political parties. The Tories who were led by Prime Minister, William Pitt the Younger who was the party in power, and the opposing party, the Whigs, who were led by Charles James Fox, who was also close friends with the Prince of Wales, the King’s eldest son. The sickness of the King brought out the parties personal gains and revealed what kind of people they were. The Prince and the Whigs saw the King’s madness and wanted to take the opportunity to make him the prince regent. This would ultimately put the Whigs to the primary party in power. Pitt saw this as a threat from the beginning. He desperately did not want to lose his position as Prime Minister. This proved that th...

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...nished and ready to be passed, George III had made a full recovery, just in time to stop the bill. This led the country into an even more crisis state due to George’s reckless spending. Due to Pitt stalling the debate just long enough, this led Britain to

Lee 4 the crisis of 1810. The King was declared permanently mad in 1810. The parliament wasted no time and immediately passed the bill of regency and appointed the Prince of Wales as Prince Regent. It is evident that the Regency Crisis deserved the word crisis because of the madness of George III. His madness revealed a hole in the British legal system, where the Lord Commissioners had to break the law of requiring the King’s consent in order to approve of any legal documents. The Tories, led by, Prime Minister Pitt, proved to have stalled regency to the Prince of Wales just long enough for the King’s recovery.
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