The indigenous form of art was everywhere in the United States during this time, such as concert halls, subway stations, college classrooms, and even in American language. New York City brought abroad the Harlem Renaissance, which flourished African American art and writing. For example, Langston Hughes wrote “The Weary Blues”, which was about ragtime artists becoming a huge influence on modern jazz. However, jazz has inspired many people to unite during the 1920’s, for example white jazz performers wanted to perform
Dizzy Gillespie, who was born in South Carolina in 1917, had an amazing talent, and by the age of 20 he was already touring with major bands. He helped bebop really emerge. Bebop was a type a jazz that was more robust and difficult to play. Overall, bebop still remains the stepping stone into multiple new forms of jazz. In conclusion, I believe that the early history of jazz is vital in really understanding the complexity and beauty of jazz as a whole.
Between 1920 and 1960 jazz and the blues were African-Americans greatest contribution to music. Jazz is a rhythmic syncopated form of music involving brass and woodwind instruments as well as the piano. The blues is melancholic form of music that originated in the rural south with African American folk songs. Both genres of music have a great impact on society today Besides being the time of economic flourish know as the roaring twenties, America in the 1920's was also a time of musical advancements and the development of modern jazz. Jazz as we know it became popular around 1920 when African American musician Louis Armstrong perfected the solo artist form of jazz.
The music that developed into the 1910s came to be known as ragtime and, by now, African Americans had been forming bands. These bands generally consisted of instruments like the piano, banjo, and violin. Ragtime was characterized by the steady rhythms played in the left hand of the piano while the right hand played more complex rhythms. (Chilton, 1979) Also, European musical forms such as Rondo and 3 part structures started to show up in African compositions. (Schuller, 1968) The 1920s saw the first few major figures in jazz such as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton make their appearance and impact on the jazz scene.
He was a dazzling improviser, technically, emotionally, and intellectually. He changed the format of jazz by bringing the soloist to the forefront, and in his recording groups, the "Hot Five" and the "Hot Seven" (Porter 2), demonstrated that jazz improvisation could go far beyond simply ornamenting the melody. He became the first well known male jazz singer, and also set standards for all later jazz singers, by creating scat singing: singing meaningless syllables instead of words, not unlike instrumental improvisation. During the 1920s, large groups of jazz musicians began to play together, forming the big bands that became so popular in the 1930s and early 1940s, (the swing era).
The Roaring Twenties was also known as the Jazz Age. A famous author, F. Scott Fitzgerald, labeled the period from 1919-1929 as the “Jazz Age” because of the immense change it brought about in culture and music in America. African Americans originally developed jazz in the lower Mississippi Delta and it was nourished in New Orleans. New Orleans was the city of popular jazz musicians such as Louis Armstrong. While Jazz has been used in many types of music, including blues, tango, African and Indian, the most basic form o f Jazz is the 32-bar format of the American pop song.
It is believed that African Americans would not be where they are today, if the renaissance had not occurred. The Harlem Renaissance brought a new sense of identity to African Americans such as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Billie Holiday; they were no longer defined as worthless objects in society, they had begun a life beyond that. Louis Armstrong was an African American musician whose fame skyrocketed during the Harlem Renaissance. In 1912, Armstrong started to sing on the streets of New Orleans, for a living. However, Louis Armstrong fully came into contact with the musical world after being sent to the New Orleans Colored Waifs Home for Boys.
This same type of feel is one of the most defining characteristics of modern jazz music. The idea of this pulse allows different players to play different rhythms at the same speeds. These complex rhythms mashed together, or polyrhythms, were introduced to the United States as the slave trade began to take its course. Afterwards, spirituals blossomed from “plantation Blacks who fused Western European harmonies with African songs, modalities, and practices” (Banfield, 96) such as polyrhythms. Spirituals were quite popular among the slave community and eventually gave birth to the next musical stepping stone to jazz, blues.
Jazz is constantly changing and evolving. From the beginning to now there are six distinct styles mimicking American life for the past century. What started out as ragtime turned into early jazz with musicians like Jelly Roll Morton, Kid Ory and King Oliver. Politically and economically the Great Depression changed everything including the sound and style of jazz music. Quartets became less popular because people wanted music with more of a punch, this was the movement of swing and the big band.
Jazz only appeared as a kind of entertaining music, but since 1940, it is played in the Bars and Night Clubs and also is shown in the important concert performances. For more than 100 years of non-stop development, jazz has produced a talented musician as Louis Armstrong. He was the greatest man among of famous Jazz musicians, who contributed jazz music through his life and his songs. Louis Armstrong changed jazz into a solo art. He infused blues feelings, changed the rhythms and made it swing.