The Japanese Internment Camps

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Before World War II there were many japanese immigrants moving into the United States of America. Many of them lived on the west coast to become farmers. Then on December 7, 1941 every Americans view towards the Japanese changed. After the Pearl Harbor bombings, many Americans believed that the Japanese living in America had something to do with the bombings, this led to the Japanese living on the west coast to be moved into Japanese American Internment Camps. The residents in these camps lost many of their human rights while living in these camps.

When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 many Americans thought that the Japanese living on the west coast assisted the Japanese in bombing the Pearl Harbor Naval Base. Immediately after the bombings more than fifteen hundred Japanese Americans were arrested on suspicion of espionage. “The Pearl Harbor attack heightened a long-standing anti-Asian sentiment among many Americans living along the western coast of the United States”(“Japanese Internment Camps”). Many citizens questioned how the army was caught unprepared when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. When this bombing happened people thought that the Japanese would soon attack the west coast. On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066, it he was warned that it would be unconstitutional signing the order. John L. Dewitt a Lieutenant General stated that the Japanese were an enemy race.

With all the hatred the Americans citizens had on the Japanese residents, it led Franklin D. Roosevelt to sign the Executive Order 9066. With this signing, Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to remove all of the Japanese residents from the west coast. “Under this order, the military w...

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...were against his rights. He went to the Federal Bureau of Investigation office in Seattle and told the agents that he had no choice but to reject the evacuation orders. Hirabayashi was convicted of intentionally violating the evacuation and curfew orders that De Witt placed. The third case that reached the Supreme Court involved a 23-year-old welder who lived in San Leandro, California. The welder’s name was Fred Toyosaburo Korematsu. He had no intention on being a test case. He was living with his Caucasian fiancee. Korematsu believed that he was living with his fiancee that he wouldn’t be recognized as a Japanese American. He then was arrested by local police for remaining in a military area while the evacuation orders were in place. When the case reached the Supreme Court, the Court upheld Korematsu conviction stating that it was the same as the Hirabayashi case.
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