The Jacksonian Democratic Party

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When George Henry Evans cited the unalienable rights of the Declaration of Independence and that, “’to secure these rights’ against the undue influence of other classes of society, prudence… dictates the necessity of the organization of a party, who shall…prevent dangerous combinations to subvert these indefeasible and fundamental privileges”, he called for a party to become the sentinel of the original American democracy. And for many, the Jacksonian Democratic Party filled that role. The Democrats, who pursued a democracy that entailed economic and social independence for the common citizen, faced harsh opposition from the Whig Party in the Second American Party System. But apart from the political tensions of the era, the mid-1800’s were host to numerous movements and events that embodied, and didn’t embody, the Democratic ideals. Thus, it would be foolish to claim that the Democratic period merely represented a raising of the American democratic banner and even more foolish to ascribe any other black-and-white evaluation to this period. Rather, during a time of national and individual transformation, of economic missions, and of social revision, the Jacksonian Democrats succeeded in expanding their reality of individual liberty, in creating the circumstances for further change, and in falling short of some of their grandiose ideals for the “common citizen”. In fighting against an aristocratic economic overtake, like many before, the Jacksonian Democrats were vehemently opposed to the encroachment upon individual economic equality. For Andrew Jackson, that threat was the Second Bank of the United States. Criticizing the National Bank because, “it appears that more than a fourth part of the stock is held by foreigners and the ... ... middle of paper ... ...Jacksonian Democracy. Works Cited 1.Andrew Jackson’s veto message (July 10,1832). 2.Chief Justice Roger B. Taney’s opinion in Supreme Court Case. 3.Daniel Webster’s reply to Jackon’s veto message (July 11, 1832). 4.de Toqueville, Alexis. Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty: An American History (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2008), 358. 5.First Annual Message from President Jackson to Congress: Indian Removal. 6.Forbes, Elt. A Family Book Containing Discourses on the Following Subjects Being Doctrinal, Evangelical, Practical, and Historical (1801). 7.George Henry Evans, “The Working Men’s Declaration of Independence” (December 1829). 8.Mott, Lucretia C. The Seneca Falls Manifesto (1848). 9.Philadelphians Demand Free Schools (1830). 10.President Jackson’s Seventh Annual Message on Indian Removal (December 7, 1835). 11.William Lloyd Garrison and The Liberator (1831).

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