9 Jan. 1994, pp.1F+. “The Iran-Contra Affair: The Making of a Scandal, 1983-1988.” The National Security Archive. 1998. http://22.214.171.124/icintro.htm. “The Iran-Contra Scandal.” American Decades. Gale Research, 1998.
His second term which dealt mostly with foreign affairs marked a downfall in his reputation. As part of his foreign policy and an effort to stop the spread of communism, Reagan thought it was important to help the Nicaraguan insurgents, the contras, to end their communistic government. Under the Reagan Doctrine, which was constructed to oppose Soviet influence and had a lot of “support for anti- Communist revolutions” , the CIA was ordered to assist the contras with military activities. However, excesses made by CIA resulted in Congress ending the aid as funding money started running out. The Boland Amendment, which was signed earlier in 1984, “denied requests of assistance to Contras and prohibited any help from any nation or group.” However, the Reagan administration decided to continue arming and traini... ... middle of paper ... ...rule of law from being applied to the perpetrators of criminal activity of constitutional dimension.” With every effort taken, the Americans were finally released.
ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2009). Web.4 Mar.2014 “Iran-Contra Affair.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica, Web.04 Mar.2014 Moyers, Bill The Secret Government: The Constitution in Crisis: With Excerpts from “An Essay on Watergate” Cabin John, MD: Seven Locks, 1988.Print. Walsh, Lawrence E. Iran-Contra: The Final Report.
The British government had already shared their plans with the chief of CIA operations in the Middle East (Kermit Roosevelt). British knew that if they asked for Americans help they would need a more strong argument that would make them act in their favor, Woodhouse (agents sent to deliver message) told the Americans that Mossadegh was leading Iran toward Communism (which was a lie). Kermit Roosevelt was assigned the task of overthrowing the Iranian government. Kermit was successful in making Iranian streets unstable, but this wasn’t enough to overthrow Mossadegh. In the third try, Roosevelt used two of his top Iranian operatives who had excellent relations with Tehran’s street gangs.
The Iran Contra Affair The Iran Contra Affair was a secret arrangement to provide funds to Nicaraguan contra rebels from profits accumulated by selling arms to Iran in the 1980's. There is much controversy surrounding this scandal, including the president's knowledge of these events. Throughout the trials, President Regan claimed that he knew nothing about the diversion of funds, or the illegal arms sales to Iran. The following information gathered will prove otherwise. The president not only knew about these arrangements, but also made certain that the contra rebels would be funded.
The conservative Reagan administration hurriedly sought freedom for the Americans. Despite a 1979 trade embargo prohibiting the sale of weapons between the U.S. and Iran, members of Ronald Reagan’s staff arranged an arms-for-hostages deal with Iran in an attempt to free the American hostages in Lebanon. Meanwhile, back in the Americas, Reagan was pursuing an aggressive foreign policy in response to the Cold War. The Reagan administration was doing its best to curb Communist influence in Central and Latin America. In Nicaragua, Reagan wanted to support the democratic rebel Contras against the Marxist Sandinista regime, despite legislation passed in the early 1980s, the Boland Amendment, that made federal aid to the Contras illegal.
But this plan failed and the British were disarmed and sent back to their country closing down their embassy in Iran. The British tried to present their case to the United State in a way that the United State would intervene. So they presented a case that Mossaghe is not only nationalizing the Iranians oil, he is also leading Iran into communism. This case stirred the American action and they feared if they assassinate Mossaghe, his seat will be open and communist ... ... middle of paper ... ...and the quest to control and acquire fairway land while Iran, Guatemala, South Vietnamese and Chile was the use of the CIA and the ideology to stop communism. Conclusively, like every country will want to be independent and fight for their freedom, these countries Iran, Guatemala, South Vietnamese and Chile tried to be independent by nationalizing their natural resource while the Vietnamese fought for their independence.
Trager, Oliver. The Iran-Contra Arms Scandal: Foreign Policy Disaster. New York, NY: Facts on File Publications, 1988. Walsh, Lawrence E. Iran-Contra: the Final Report. New York: Times Books, 1994.
VII, p. 74. 19 Ibid., ch. XXXV, p. 401. 20 Ibid. 21 Ibid., ch.
In 1953 a “stone” was cast by the American and British governments by organizing the Iranian coup otherwise know Operation ‘AJAX’ or ‘Boot’ in America and Britain. The operation was responsible for the successful overthrow of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh. The historical event has affected the relationship between the U.S., Britain, and Iran which has led to the Anti-American and Anti-western sentiment that plagues the Middle East today. By analyzing Operation AJAX we can see the effects ripple across time and study how they have impacted our society today. As stated previously, the mission of Operation Ajax was to overthrow Mohammad Mosaddegh.