History of Modern Science and Technology The Impact of the Microscope The world we live in today has many complexities that have perplexed mankind for ages. Various great men and women of science have gotten together to try and uncover the mysteries of the world. On their journey there have been instruments and tools invented that would help them further their studies beyond compare. One of the most significant inventions that have helped to further research not only in science but in other areas of work as well would be the invention of the microscope. The invention of the microscope has helped better understand the human body, bacteria, and even something as small as the atom.
If microscopes never existed, severed finger and other body were almost impossible to reattach again. Now with the help of microsurgery allows the reconnection of minute blood vessels and nerves. The invention of the microscope has also had a big impact on pharmacology as microscopes have also had a great effect on newer medicines because without the microscope pharmacologists could not examine the medicine and determine if the medicine is genuine . Without the microscope, scientists could not research the impact of drugs on the cellular level, but with the help of the microscope they can do so. If we understand how antibiotics and other drug effects diseases causing microorganisms it allows researchers to target and reduce the negative effects of drugs.
These are two of the most important inventions known to mankind, one has helped map out the human body, discovered cures by isolating cells that cause them, the other has helped map out the universe. By the descriptions above these invaluable tools are known as the microscope and the telescope. Many medical and technological advances would not be possible without these two inventions. There are many discoveries that could be presented today, but instead this presentation will present a couple of these for each invention and how they challenged traditions and changed society for the good. The invention of the microscope, more than any other invention, has helped us unlock the secrets of nature.
Medical Advances Besides the computer revolution, medical advances have caused tension between faith and reason. The medical advances of the Twentieth Century have many beneficial effects for humanity. Diseases that used to be dangerous or life threatening, like mumps, measles, and whooping cough, are no longer worries in todays medical world. Tetanus, typhoid, and the bubonic plaque can now be treated with antibiotics or other medicines. Vaccines, especially the polio vaccine, freed many people from the effects of a disease.
The Importance of Science and Technology in the Fight Against Infectious Diseases in the Late 19th Century Infectious disease had posed problems for many people for centuries. The developed knowledge of anatomy and the working of the human body led to more and more understanding of what caused illness and diseases. Many scientists and doctors searched for cures and treatments and from the 18th century onwards there were many discoveries and developments that helped the battle in opposition to infectious diseases. By the 19th century there were many breakthroughs and much more changes and developments occurred in the search for the cure of infectious disease. Science and technology was a vital factor that aided the fight against infectious diseases in the late 19th century.
No doubt, science has provided many solutions to our unanswered questions and has removed our fears. J.Michael Bishop explains in his essay “Enemies of Promise” “science is the art of the possible, of the soluble” (239). For example, without scientist having the abundant knowledge that they do, the people and animals would not have survived infection’s diseases. People would not be aware of a habit they consume as being listed as a dangerous one nor would they know the facts on how to take care of their animal (s) or the environment. The solution to the diseases is that science has evolved with the proper vaccination though some are still in the process and others are about to be discovered.
With ongoing studies and experiments, cloning is beginning to be thought of as the next large medical advancement. Scientists believe that cloning is the future cure for all the world’s ailments. The average person carries eight defective genes which contribute to health problems. Cloning will be able to prevent and cure many of the major diseases that are a leading cause in death each year. However, many people have negative attitudes towards cloning because they believe that scientists will clone full humans and harvest the necessary bodily organs and tissues when needed.
This project set out to map, down to the last detail, every part of the human DNA structure (“Human”). The project has recently been completed and the scientists are now starting another project with their newly found information, to cure mankind of its ailments. Although there are many positive things that can come of this recent discovery, there are many adverse affects that society is not yet fully aware of and as the experiments and test results come in, more and more will society be blinded to the downsides of genetic research because of the glitz, glamour, and promises provided by the corporations and universities This paper will not just hone in on the recently completed human genome project but will also take a look at the many adverse affects of what is now possibly to come if the science of human perfection is to continue unchecked. The possibilities for this new science are great, but without the general public guiding it every step of the way, the universities and corporations will be free to do as they wish. With the power to change life on this planet as we know it, the teams of scientists may ultimately one day have the ability to control what is happening through nearly every second of our life: what we eat, what we drink, what happen... ... middle of paper ... ...uman Being, The Medusa and the Snail: More Notes of a Biology Watcher.
(Appendix 1, Figure 1) From its beginning, nanotechnology has been more of a dream than reality. In recent years, however, these dreams are being transformed into reality. Medical procedures will become more efficient by targeting diseases and repairing damaged tissues at the molecular level by using nanoparticles. (Appendix 1, Figure 2) Nanowires are one of these materials that can detect illnesses that are found in human body. Scientists are also working on the creation of nanorobots to improve the tools that are used in medical procedures.
The topic for my essay is going to talking about Chemistry and Technology, and has a focused on the invention and influence on the microscope. Chemistry has helped people look at technology in a different way, such as by the way we use it and how easy it is to find data faster. Technology has also changed Chemistry several ways. Some examples are finding new viruses and finding cures to prevent diseases from spreading around the world and. The microscope has been a very important part of Chemistry since it was invented.