In 1985 there were new releases from Atari and Commodore in the form of the Atari 130St and 520St and Commodore’s Amigo 1000 computer. Microsoft also shipped its Windows 1.0 operating system. Intel completed the development of its new 16 Megahertz 80386 processor while Compaq introduced its first computer with the 80836 processor. In 1987 Apple introduced the Macintosh 11 and the Macintosh SE. BM also introduced its new the new Personal System/2 computer with VGA 256-color graphics, Operating System/2 and Micro Channel Architecture.
Half were the Scelbi-8H hobby machines, the rest were Scelbi-8B business computers, which were released in April 1975, having as much as 16K of memory. The first commercially successful microcomputer was the MITS Altair 8800 designed by Ed Roberts.
in 1964. This is the first computer where the information is shown on the screen as you type it. By the 1970s when computers started to be used more often all computers used electronic keyboards. Keyboard sold in the 1970s were built from scratch. Computers started to become equipped with keyboards in 1984.
In 1979 Motorola created their own processor, they called it the 6860. The 6860 was chosen by Apple for their Macintosh computer. In 1980 Intel released the 80186 processor. Buyers could choose from CHMOS (Complementary High Performance Metal Oxide Semiconductor) or HMOS (High-performance Metal Oxide Semiconductor) and 8 or 16-bit versions. The CHMOS chip was able to run at twice the clock speed and one fourth of the power of the HMOS chip.
1964 the programming language PL/1 released by IBM. 1964 the launch of IBM 360. These first series of compatible computers. In 1970 Intel introduced the first RAM chip. In 1975 IBM 5100 was released.
2 The ENIAC could perform about 5000 calculations per second, more than 10,000 times slower that most modern day computers. The ENIAC took about 20 seconds to calculate problems that took humans two to three days to do manually. Initially, scientists programmed and entered data into ENIAC by manually setting switches and rewiring the machine. Later a more efficient IBM punch-card reading machine was used to input data, while another IBM punch card machine was used to store data. When the ENIAC completed a calculation, it would notify operators by turning on a sequence of lights or punching certain sequences of cards.
Gates after sme modifications in the OS offered IBM with MS-DOS which quickly started to dominate IBM PC market. By 1983 MS-DOS held a firm hold in the market while CP/M was on its last legs.MS-DOS began to be widely used in many other computers with some advanced featres though from UNIX. But all these OS were based on typing in commands from keyboards. xerox parc adopted all new GUI concept proposed by Doug Engelbart. Steve Jobs then embarked on building an apple with GUI which led to creation of LISA and subsequently apple macintosh which inspired Gates to build a successor of MS-DOS.
Then in 1974 the 8080 became the brains of the first personal computer--the Altair, allegedly named for a destination of the Starship Enterprise from the StarTrek television show. Computer hobbyists could purchase a kit for the Altair for $395. Within months, it sold tens of thousands, creating the first PC back orders in history. In 1989 the 486TM generation really meant you go from a command-level computer into point-and-click computing. I could have a color computer for the first time and do desktop publishing at a significant speed," recalls technology historian David K.Allison of the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
In 1957 the first programming language came, it was called FORTRAN. and also the first floppy it was introduce in 1971. IBM then came out with more advance computers such as System/38 in 1978 and the AS / 400 in 1988.
There also had to be some type of surface to assemble the transistors together on. The first chip made of semiconducitve material or silicon was invented in 1958 by Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments. Now we have the major elements needed to produce a CPU. In 1965 a company by the name of Intel was formed and they began to produce CPU's shortly thereafter. Gordon Moore, one of the founders of Intel, predicted that the number of transistor placed on each CPU would double every 18 months or so.