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The Invasion of Panama

analytical Essay
932 words
932 words
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American presidents often establish foreign policies that effect the country’s citizens oversees and in America. The Invasion of Panama was part of the restoration of America’s military prestige, after years of misgivings. The Panama Invasion was the extension of the domestic plans for a Drug-Free America (US II. 33). Lastly, the Invasion of Panama is an example of presidential foreign policies that involve America in foreign affairs.

The Panama Invasion was a conflict that was the beginning to better decision-making, but had faults of its own, that followed through to the Persian-Gulf War of 1991. It started with the decision to invade Grenada; President Reagan’s ability to “react quickly and convincingly to a perceived threat to regional stability” (Decision-Making) was key to the re-buildup of the American military prestige. Unfortunately this decision had caught the U.S “off-guard, as there were no plans for such on there were not even adequate maps upon which to base the most rudimentary reconnaissance” (Decision-Making). With the spontaneousness of Grenada, U.S decision makers were expected to react quickly and effectively. The decision makers had planned for complications but problems arose which they did not expect. The communication between the three services: army, navy, and air force, were not compatible, causing decision makers to a have a lack of consistent and instant knowledge of the operations. When the time came for the Panama Invasion came around, the preparedness was far better, even though it was primarily a “one-service operation conducted by the army” (Decision-Making).The most elusive aspect for planners was the enemy, Manuel Noriega. The primary purpose of the invasion was to remove President Manuel Nori...

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... Intelligence and Security. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 312-315. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. http://ic.galegroup.com:80/ic/uhic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&disableHighlighting=false&prodId=UHIC&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3403300213&userGroupName=mlin_s_hullhs&jsid=2be90fb974b37f6aca36a57ec3c49ff7

4. "Operation Just Cause Pamphlet." American Decades Primary Sources. Ed. Cynthia Rose. Vol. 9: 1980-1989. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 278-281. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. http://ic.galegroup.com:80/ic/uhic/PrimarySourcesDetailsPage/PrimarySourcesDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=PrimarySources&disableHighlighting=false&prodId=UHIC&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3490201716&userGroupName=mlin_s_hullhs&jsid=68dd910f93f1958acb34cbec8722593c

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how the invasion of panama is an example of presidential foreign policies that involve america in foreign affairs.
  • Describes the panama invasion as the beginning to better decision-making, but had faults of its own, that followed through to the persian-gulf war of 1991
  • Explains that the drug enforcement administration, or dea, was facing an uphill battle in its beginning because drug use was less common but more deadly.
  • Explains the connection between drugs and arms and terrorism on september 11, 2001. the push force a stop to drug trafficking began when the u.s policy of foreign affairs and interventions changed under reagan.
  • Explains that the u.s policy for foreign interventions from 1946-81 was to shift of support for right-wing regimes, and cut off aid to dictatorships. president reagan reversed this by launching operation urgent fury on grenada.
  • Cites encyclopedia of the american military: studies of history, traditions, policies, institutions and roles of armed forces in war and peace, by john e. jessup and louise b. ketz.
  • Explains that americas, modern u.s. security policy and interventions. encyclopedia of espionage, intelligence and security.
  • Explains that knight, judson, and brenda wilmoth lerner's encyclopedia of espionage, intelligence and security. gale u.s. history in context.
  • Explains that operation just cause pamphlet was published in american decades primary sources. gale u.s. history in context.
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