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The Interrelation Between Work And Non-Work Life

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Usually, work is considered to be paid employment. As suggested by Watson (2012), people do series of tasks as work to make them living within the society and economic context. Besides by paid, work is important to humanity. Kohn and Schooler (1983) indicated that where work has substantive complexity where puts an improvement in mental flexibility and self-esteem. Applebaum (1992) also considered that work helps people to contact with social reality and self-status. For example, people may establish different relationships with their colleagues; employees might establish different attitudes towards jobs they like and hate. Another view of work emphasizes that ‘work’ not only includes paid work, but also includes unpaid work and some community…show more content…
Supported by Watson (2012), The relationship between the work and life is complex and can be viewed in many ways. Previous research defined three hypotheses of employee’s experience between work and nonwork life: spillover, compensation, and neutrality (Roberts, 1999).

Spillover as an extensive pattern, occurred when people feel difficult to separate themselves from work and life with doing work-related activities such as reading professional literature or planning future work outside of working time. Compensation as an opposite pattern, occurred when people hold negative attitude towards their job, draw a clear boundary and would look forward to doing things they like to compensate the painful experience they have suffered in working. Parker (1982) identified neutrality as when people were neither excited or disliked their work, they just treated work as a complementary part of their lives. But under the neutrality people still would seek for compensation for the deprivations endured working
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Work pressure or overload hinders people away from private life. For example, families which were irrupted by long working hours complained it was difficult for them to do housework or stay with children (Cousins & Tang, 2004). Moreover, reduced physical and psychological and lower job commitment draws depressive emotion to people, which will decrease both job and life satisfaction (Demerouti, Geurts, & Kompier, 2004; Peeters, Montgomery, Bakker, & Schaufeli, 2005). More terrible consequences will happen if individuals try to put more time and energy into their work, and those effect may be past to the next generation. That can be illustrated in Gheorghiţa (2014)’s case study: Growing up with absenteeism of busy-working father, a young accountant went to work at her very early age. In order to achieve job and position commitment, may be just like what her father had done, she worked day and night with low physical and psychological conditions, dead in her late 20s because of exhausted heart attack. In this case such impacts from work to life should give individuals or organisation an alarm on how to set work task, how to treat the task, and how to keep a dynamic balance between work and
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