The Interference of Zeus

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The god of mortals and immortals, Zeus, is mentioned on almost every single page in The Iliad. In the ancient society of the Greeks, they practiced polytheism, which means they worshipped more than one god (Speilvogel 364). Zeus was the son of the titan Cronus and he was basically the god of the weather. He had the ability to strike with lightning bolts. The Trojan War was between Greece and Troy. However, it was not only fought by mere mortals, but by immortals too, fighting for their own personal agendas. Every god and goddess interfered in some form in the war, but some did more than others. On the Greek side was Hera, Pallas Athena, Poseidon, Hermes and Hephaestus (20.36-40). On the Trojan side was Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Leto, Xanthus, and Aphrodite (20.41-43). However, some gods like Zeus did not officially take sides, but by their actions, someone could deduce what side they were on. In the Trojan War, Zeus, the most feared of all the gods, impacted the Trojan War definitively more than all the other gods; he did this both directly and indirectly.
The Iliad is an epic poem and is one of the earliest works of ancient Greek literature (Murnaghan 2). According to most scholars, it was written by Homer in ancient Greece (Spievogel 47). The Iliad was considered by the Greeks to be Homer’s major work (Rieu 5). There is some debate as to who Homer really was, or if he was even responsible for The Iliad, but this had no bearing on the fact that The Iliad was important in Greek society (Murnaghan 8). The Iliad was most likely an oral story preserved over time and finally written down at the end of the Dark Ages (Murnaghan 3). It covers only a small portion of the ten year Trojan War. The Trojan War began over Helen, the wife of Gree...

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...ings himself, Zeus gave the side he was on a preeminent chance in the war. Zeus prolonged the war by being on the Trojan side and cost many lives in the process. Using the power of his hand and of his mind, Zeus manipulated circumstances in order to influence the outcome of his desires.

Works Cited

Kip, A. Maria Van Erp Taalman. “The Gods of the Iliad and the Fate of Troy.” Mnemosyne (2000): 385-402. Print.
Murnaghan, Sheila. “Introduction.” The Iliad. By Homer. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2000. Print.
Rieu, E. V. “Introduction.” The Iliad. By Homer. Bungay, Suffolk, UK: Richard Clay, 1954. Print.
Spielvogel, Jackson. Western Civilization: A Brief History. Boston: Wadsworth, 2011. Print.
Yilmaz, Tuncer. “Representation of the Gods in the Iliad by Homer: a Brief Analysis.” The Journal of Suleyman Demirel University Institute of Social Sciences (2012): 1-13. Print.
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