Whales have been around on Earth for many years. One thing that originated due to the population of the speices is whaling. Whaling is the act of hunting for whales whether in the need for food, for scientific research, or for commercial reasons. It was not until the 1920’s when the concern for the decrease in whale population was brought to light by the Director of the British Museum, Sidney Harmer (Hoare, 2014). The sudden awareness for the number of whales brought on the “Save the Whales” title, which was used in 1924.
In the 1920’s, the Makah decided to halt whaling due to a dwindling population of the whales. In 1986, the International Whaling Commission enacted a global moratorium on commercial whaling with two exceptions being scientific research and aboriginal subsistence. In the mid 1990’s the Makah people decided to resume their whaling practices with rising whale populations and successfully killed their first whale in roughly 70 years in 1999. This has led to much backlash from domestic governmental agencies and NGOs alike. Thus the problem lies in the question as to whether the Makah people should legally be allowed to whale with the answer being a resounding no.
Norway and Iceland are regulated whale-hunting countries, but Japan is not. As the article, “Whaling - Pro & Con” states, “Norway, for instance, has agreed to and implemented an inspection scheme, which has provided for inspectors on board every whaling vessel. Since 2005, the inspectors have been replaced by "black boxes" installed on board, that register GPS position, engine effort, steering commands, harpoon cannon shots, and the weight of each whale hauled on board in a manipulation-proof way,” (Barthelmess 3). This shows how whaling nations and anti-whalers can come to a consensus which could lead to more whales being saved, but still countries hunting a controlled amount of non-threatened whale stocks. Therefore, whaling nations such as Japan should be regulated for how many and what types of whales they can hunt.
Whalers justify their actions by stating that whaling is not inhumane. Diplomats explain that in their countries whaling is needed to do scientific research. They refute marine biologists’ claims that whaling harms the ecolo... ... middle of paper ... ...eastfeeding refrain from eating whale meat. One concerned Faroese mother commented that “We don’t depend on whaling for survival any longer. The opposite is true: To ensure our own health, and the health of generations to come, we need to stop viewing pilot whales as a food source” (O'Barry, 2013, p. 18) .
Title Navy to Limit Sonar Testing Thought to Hurt Sea Mammals Paper New York Times Authors THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Summary this article comes from San Francisco and is about how the Navy has agreed to limit the testing grounds the testing of a new sonar system designed to track down enemy submarines. The Navy finally agreed after there were a couple months of protest for the harm of marine life. The protest was about the concern of harming marine life . With all the limit’s the Navy has the Navy agrees to test the system in about 14 million square miles in the ocean and the limit will be a million square miles of remote ocean around the Mariana Islands. Andrew Wetzel a lawyer in the Natural Resources Defense Council said that the Mariana Islands was the least affective of Ocean the Navy could have.
This assault would last for three years without anyone getting involved because tensions were growing futile in the European theatre. By spring 1940 tension between the United States and Japan were building in the Pacific region. President Roosevelt, as a show of force, transferred the United States Naval fleet to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This move would give Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet, the ammunition he needed to urge his government that Japan needed to expand its naval air power. In July 1940, President Roosevelt had placed a limitation on the sale of scrap iron and steel and completely admonished the sale of aviation fuel to Japan.
The products that people use that they make like whale oil and whale blubber could be gotten from something else, such as crude oil as we use today. This is not a new concept; whaling has been a scene of arguments since 1946 after the Second World War. This seemingly has had no effect because there was no real solution until the “The International Whaling Commission (IWC) was set up under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling which was signed in Washington DC on 2nd December 1946”. Because many countries are still whaling and the species is threatened, there should be international regulations and more funding to protect whales. The countries that still whale have certain reasons for doing it like Japan does it for the cultural reasons like the fact that they have been doing since the 12th century so they will not stop soon for that reason.
Commercial Whaling was banned back in 1986 by the International Whaling Commission (MadMermaids Scuba Ltd.). The reason it was banned back in 1986, was because in 1950, whales were consider threatened, then endangered in 1963. Some countries still continue to harpoon whales and it is currently aiming to hunt a total of 1,035 whales (MadMermaids Scuba Ltd.). After 12 years of business a sushi “Hump” restaurant has been closed for serving illegal whale meat (Barboza). The meat from endangered species cannot be sold legally or served in the United States.
Thus, whaling under scientific-research and aboriginal-subsistence is still allowed. Japan and other countries have continued their hunt in the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary under the “scientific research” loophole. However, environmental activist groups openly dispute the claims and continue their rally to end the whaling industry for good. Eighteen years after starting scientific whaling in Antarctic waters, Japan presented a new program to the International Whaling Commission at the annual meeting in 2011. The proposal laid out Japan’s wishes to expand its annual catch of Antarctic minke whales from about 440 to 935, and expand lethal sampling to include an additiona... ... middle of paper ... ...d the economic, ethical, and practical aspects of international regulation.
However, Japanese government is yet comment on these bribery allegations. The issue of Japan’s whaling has existed for a long time in the world. McCurry (2010 ) maintains that according to the IWC’s 1986 moratorium on commercial whaling, Japan is allowed to kill about 1,000 whales from Antarctic waters every winter for scientific research (McCurry, 2010). However, today’s Japan bribes small nations for their support on the success of the proposal of limited commercial whaling. Japan not only maintains that it has the right of scientific whaling but also proposes that they should have the right of commercial whaling at the Morocco meeting.