The Integration of African Americans and Caucasians

explanatory Essay
1547 words
1547 words

Dr. Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and Rosa are the names famously and commonly associated with the integration of the African Americans and Caucasians. Even though they were all great figures, Jackie Robinson played an important role, also. He helped pave a way for integration. Jackie Robinson’s determination and fight lead him to become one of the greatest iconic figures of mankind with highlights of integrity and excellence. Before Jackie Robinson became the legend and civil rights difference maker that he is known as today, he lived through hardship like other African Americans during his time. On January 31, 1919, Mallie Robinson gave birth to Jackie Roosevelt Robinson in a small rural area, Cairo, Georgia. He was born on a farm because his parents were sharecroppers and was the youngest of five children. Not long after he was born, Jackie and his family relocated to Pasadena, CA. His mother struggled to raise him and his siblings after Jackie’s father abandoned the family in 1920. She had to work various jobs to support him. Jackie and his family were the only African Americans on their block, and because of the prejudice that they always encountered, their bond as a family grew strong. Jackie was limited in sports as a child because he was excluded from recreational activities as a youth due to the color of his skin. The young Jackie Robinson began to build his legacy as a student athlete at John Muir High School. Mack, Jackie’s brother, recognized his athletic talents and inspired Jackie to pursue his interest and fascination in sports. Jackie Robinson lettered in four sports: basketball, football, track, and baseball. Also, he was a member of the tennis team, and he won a championship. During his tenure in high schoo... ... middle of paper ... ...ted, the trail-blazing that he did, the barriers that he broke down did not enter into the decision. He was rated and examined solely as a freshman player in the big leagues -- on the basis of his hitting, his running, his defensive play, his team value (Corcoran)." Works Cited Chamberlain, Gaius. "Jackie Robinson." 8 December 2011. Great Black Heros. 19 March 2014. Corcoran, Cliff. "Inside Baseball." Sports Illustrated 15 Apr. 2013. Article. 20 Mar. 2014. Foundation, The Jackie Robinson. The Jackie Robinson Foundation. 2011. 19 March 2014. Henry, Patrick. "Jackie Robinson: Athlete And American Par Excellence." Virginia Quarterly Review 73.2 (1997): 189-204. Academic Search Premier. 1 Feb. 2014. Knee, Stuart. "Jim Crow Strikes Out: Branch Rickey And The Struggle For Integration In American Baseball." 2003. 71-87. Academic Search Premier. 1 Feb. 2014.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that jackie robinson played an important role in the integration of african americans and caucasians. his determination and fight led him to become one of the greatest iconic figures of mankind with highlights of integrity and excellence.
  • Explains that mallie robinson gave birth to jackie roosevelt robinson on january 31, 1919 in cairo, georgia. his parents were sharecroppers and he and his family relocated to pasadena, ca.
  • Describes how jackie robinson began to build his legacy as a student athlete at john muir high school. mack, jackie's brother, recognized his athletic talents and inspired him to pursue his interest and fascination in sports.
  • Explains that jackie continued his outstanding athletic performances by continuing his education at pasadena junior college. he was honored for outstanding service, scholarship, and citizenship.
  • Analyzes how robinson displayed a trait that would define his life — his willingness to stand up to perceived racism.
  • Explains that jackie decided to stay close to home and continue his education and be a student athlete. he enrolled into the university of california where he became the first athlete to letter in four sports.
  • Narrates how jackie robinson believed he should drop out of school to assist his family financially. he accepted a position as an athletic director for the national youth association, but it was shut down.
  • Explains that jackie robinson served as a second lieutenant in the united states army from 1942 to 1944. he was arrested and court-martialed during boot camp after he refused to move to the back of the segregated bus during training.
  • Explains that jackie robinson was hosted by the boston red sox in april 1945 along with marvin williams and sam jethroe for a baseball tryout. it was staged in response to calls from boston record columnist dave egan and
  • Describes how black sportswriter wendell smith arranged for the three ballplayers to get their chance after the boston red sox falsely claimed that there were no african americans to request a tryout.
  • Describes how branch rickey, the brooklyn dodgers' general manager, contacted jackie robinson to acquire his service for the brown bombers.
  • Analyzes how rickey enlightened jackie that he had been specifically selected because of his personas. he knew that jackie could handle the harsh and cruel criticism of being the first black player in modern baseball history.
  • Explains that branch rickey's success in integrating baseball stems from the fact that he knew when to permit blacks to shoulder the burden.
  • Narrates how jackie and rachel were married in 1946 and started their family together. during the same year of their marriage, jackie robinson jr was born.
  • Describes how jackie robinson arrived at daytona beach, florida for spring training with the montreal royals of the class aaa international league.
  • Explains that jackie was subjected to the harshest and worst treatment, by the fans and ballplayers. the cruel and harsh treatment continued throughout his first season on the team, and because they did not approve of an african american playing professional baseball.
  • Explains that jackie robinson became the first african american to play major league baseball on april 15, 1947. many african americans labeled him a hero.
  • Narrates how rickey enlightened jackie that everything was riding on him and his ability to refrain from getting drawn into a fight would determine whether the "noble experiment" was successful.
  • Opines that rickey needed a negro player who had guts enough not to fight back. he was the most competitive man they've known since ty cobb.
  • Opines that jackie roosevelt robinson might have had more obstacles than his first year competitors, and that he perhaps had a harder fight to gain even major league recognition, was no concern of this publication.
  • Cites chamberlain, gaius, corcoran, cliff, and the jackie robinson foundation.
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