Equally significant were the alliance systems, which split Europe into two, and the nationalism which created among people and nations a desire for greater strength and for new acquisitions. Imperialism was an important factor in the outbreak of World War I. As European countries raced to lay claims in Africa, conflicts were created amongst them. Britain, the world power of the time, dreamed of building a “Cape to Cairo” railroad over entirely British-controlled territory. Germany, however, planned to prevent the British dream by taking over East Africa.
World War I was caused in part by the two opposing alliances developed after the Franco-Prussian War. In order to diplomatically cut off ... ... middle of paper ... ...rbia on July 28, 1914. On July 29, Russia ordered a partial mobilization only against Austria-Hungary in support of Serbia, which escalated into a full mobilization. The Germans threatened war on July 31 if the Russians did not demobilize. Upon being asked by Germany what it would do in the event of a war between Russia and Germany, Francereplies that it would act in its own interests and mobilized.
The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation that helped push the world into World War I. The resulting tensions and rivalries between the major European powers culminated in a dynamic arms race that was coming to a head by 1914. Over time, countries throughout Europe made mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle. If one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. Before World War 1, the following alliances existed: Russia and Serbia Germany and Austria-Hungary France and Russia Britain and France and Belgium Japan and Britain Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia got involved to defend Serbia.
The Balkans became a hotpot of western intervention, as the Ottoman Empire declined. Finally war broke out in 1914, a war which was unexpectedly disastrous and destructive in scale. The war was caused by a number of interwoven factors. The first of these factors being nationalism.In 19th Century Europe the desire of subject peoples for independence (This led to a series of national struggles for independence among the Balkan peoples. Other powers got involved and caused much instability.).
Later, one of Germany’s ships made a port of call in Morocco; soon after, the Agadir Crisis resulted, and Germany became a threat to Britain. Thus, the Balkan Wars commence. Ultimately, the reason World War I erupted was because of tensions in the Balkans. Later, other nations were forced to join in when, in August of 1914, Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia and the alliance system came into play. Germany gives a “blank check” of support to Austria-Hungary, so Britain is forced to enter the battle when Germany breached the sovereignty to the “BENELUX” nations.
It was thought that a war would be decided in the opening phases and therefore who ever got into the field first and assembled the largest army in the sh... ... middle of paper ... ...;By 1914 the system of diplomacy in Europe had broken down. Statesmen were thinking of war as a preventative measure rather than a last resort. Lloyd George remarked that Europe “stumbled and staggered into war” (Reasons for War 3). World War 1 was a result of aggression and tension in Europe; all of Europe played a part in the outbreak of war not just Germany. World War 1 had many complex causes rather than one main one.
Causes of World War One World War I was the result of leaders' aggression towards other countries which was supported by the rising nationalism of the European nations. Economic and imperial competition and fear of war prompted military alliances and an arms race, which further escalated the tension contributing to the outbreak of war. For Twenty years, the nations of Europe had been making alliances. It was thought the alliances would promote peace. Each country would be protected by others in case of war.
With the introduction of weltpolitik, Germany ruined its relationships with other countries, such as Britain, France and Russia. With increased nationalism, Germany started to feel more powerful therefore they began to conquer more land in continents such as Africa. Consequently, this created conflict between powers that already had land in the colonies. This is why German imperialism, nationalism, progress in the Arms Race and increasing naval strength greatly led to the outbreak of World War I. During the years between 1900 and 1914, many European powers were in the process of strengthening their military.
At the beginning of the 20th Century there was great imperialistic rivalry in Europe. This rivalry can be referred to as the “root” of all the major causes of World War I. Imperialism led to strained relationships between the powers (Germany often clashed with Britain and France over the rule of African countries, and France rivalled with Italy over Tunis) which led indirectly to the formation of the alliance systems. It also led to an intensification of the arms race. In 1896 Dr. Jameson made a raid into the Dutch Republic of Transvaal in South Africa.
But this Imperialism in Europe led to many conflicts between countries. All this Conflict eventually resulted in the begining of Worls War I. The causes of World War I were the intense nationalism that dominated Europe throughout the 19th and into the 20th century, and the establishment of large armies in Europe after 1871. Imperialism created a rivaly between nations and empires. The build up of armies and navies created fear between nations.