The Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century is one of the most complex movements in European history since the fall of the Roman Empire. The Reformation truly ends the Middle Ages and begins a new era in the history of Western Civilization. The Reformation ended the religious unity of Europe and ushered in 150 years of religious warfare. By the time the conflicts had ended, the political and social geography in the west had fundamentally changed. The Reformation would have been revolutionary enough of itself, but it coincided in time with the opening of the Western Hemisphere to the Europeans and the development of firearms as effective field weapons.
The Reformation is a very essential part in the history of any Christian. The Reformation called for an examination of the church to bring it back to the principles established in the Bible. The cause of this challenge to the Catholic Church and its authority is not credited to the idea of a single person, but it is credited to several influential people. The Reformation did not occur suddenly, different factors set the Reformation in motion and more pieces added to it until the Reformation and rise of protestant churches was spreading like wildfire across Europe.
Lasting from 1517 to 1648, the Protestant Reformation was a division of people in Western Christianity. People started to see faults in the Catholic doctrine and began to break away from the Catholic Church to form their own church groups, all of which was started by the famous Martin Luther. He believed that the Pope was not the head of the church, but that God was. He also believed that one could not be forgiven of their sins simply by giving the church money. This reformation is where we got the Protestant denomination of churches. During the Protestant Reformation, the printing press was invented, making it easier than ever to share ideas and to distribute scripture. Many wars were started as many converted to Protestantism and others still followed the Catholic Church. I will discuss my thoughts on the three videos I watched: Medici: The Medici Popes (Runtime 55:21 min), Protest and Communication (Runtime 50:05 min), and The Renaissance: When the World Was Reborn (Runtime 50:39 min).
Impact of Protestant Reformation on European Government and Society
In 1517, Martin Luther initiated the Reformation with The Ninety Five Theses, which criticized the selling of indulgences within the Catholic Church. Luther also contended the Pope had no power over purgatory, and Catholic saints had no basis in the gospel. His criticisms also included many other Catholic doctrines and practices. The uproar the Reformation caused had a lasting impact on European government and society.
The Counter-Reformation also known as the Catholic Reformation took place in Italy during the 1500’s. The Counter-Reformation was an event that happen within the Roman Catholic which tried to abolish the mistreatment of regulations within the church. The Counter-Reformation was essentially the attempt to reform the Catholic Church ideals, so they wouldn’t lose anymore citizens to the Protestant religion at the time. The Counter-Reformation arose largely due to the effects of the Protestant Reformation. The Protestant Reformation took place in the 16th century where there was a religious, intellectual, political, and culture uproar that divided South Europe. The Protestant Reformation was were the citizens started to question the Catholic religion
Three Causes of the Protestant Reformation
The sixteenth century was a time when the acts and teachings of all religions came under a great amount of scrutiny. As a result, there was a great division from the dominant Roman Catholic Church; this was known as the Protestant Reformation. There were many factors in the coming of the Reformation, but the three worthy of note are the corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, the leadership of Martin Luther, and the invention of the printing press.
The Roman Catholic Church was a strong force in sixteenth century Europe and as such became overly voracious in its desire for both political and economical power. Under Pope Leo X the church began the sale of indulgences in Mainz, Germany.
Having a religion change, many times, takes a toll on those who follow. This would include the hardships of the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Reformation. Religious tensions were spreading throughout Europe, starting from the Protestant Reformation. Some of those who followed the Catholic church began to question how much was true and how many lies they were told to believe in. Many important Leaders of the Reformation stated their opinions about that Catholic church. These opinions would then be evaluated in the Catholic Reformation, The Council of Trent. Beliefs would be revised and practices would be evaluated. The core beliefs would still be Catholic, thus still different from a protestant beliefs. This led to officials of states
The Reformation also known as the protestant reformation occurred in 16th century and was pioneered by Martin Luther, and was continued by John Calvin and other protestant reformers. The initiation was the publishing of Luther’s 95 theses condemning the church for the sale of indulgences, making penance and indulgences a key issue leading to the reformation. This was because the reformers viewed indulgences and penance not of the authority of the Church and distancing the people from God by encouraging sin. The major
“When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, “ Repent ’’ , he willed the entire life of believers to be one in repentance.” In this essay I will be discussing the causes and effects of Protestant Reformation and Martin Luther’s 95 Theses. I will also be discussing the Counter Reformation . The Counter Reformation had two main goals ; stopping the spreading of the Protestant reformation and to reform the church within . I will also discuss the English Reformation . The English Reformation will be discussing a lot about the religion . I will discuss important facts and my views about these topics and also discussing who played major roles during these events .
The Effects of the Reformation on European Life
European society was divided from the word go, people all around
Europe were dominantly Catholic before the reformation. This time was
bringing change throughout Europe with a heavy influence on art and
culture because the Renaissance was occurring; a religious revolution
was also beginning, which was known as the Protestant Reformation. The
Protestant Reformation was the voicing of disagreements by a German
Catholic priest about the Catholic Church; this priest was Martin
Luther and was excommunicated from the church for his actions.
The Protestant Reformation helped to influence and strengthen the
Renaissance that was just arising in England.