The Influence Of The Etruscan Temples In Ancient Rome

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The Etruscans are located in Italy. Their alphabets came from the Greeks and they were also influenced by the Greeks, learning about them through Rome. Getting inspiration from the Greeks, the Etruscans temples are made of stone, “is rectangular, has raised podium, and has a peaked roof.” Some were created in columns of Tuscan order. But the Etruscans temples differ from the Greeks also. “The Etruscan temple has steps on only one side, whereas the Greek temple has steps on all four sides. The Etruscan temple has a deep front porch, occupying much more of the platform than is occupied by the porch of a Greek temple. And the cella (enclosed part) of the Etruscan temple is divided into three rooms, further differing from the Greek temple plan.”…show more content…
“The Etruscans were influenced by the Greeks and came to know them literally ‘through’ Rome. They sent skillfully manufactured bronze household utensils down the Tiber through Rome and on to the Greeks in the south in return for Greek vases…” Basically, Rome was the civilization in between the two which could use the route for trade, sharing information / goods, and influencing other civilization. As said in the textbook, Romans did not write and mentioned Roman artists. Instead, they write about skillful Greeks – Polykleitos, Phidias, Praxiteles, Lysippos. “… Roman art is not solely a continuation of Greek art. The Romans were very different the Greeks, and their art is accordingly different in emphasis and focus… They were superb engineers. Their sculpture and painting is realistic, with an emphasis on particulars – specific people, places, and times…” For architecture, the Romans selected Greek orders and was influenced by the Etruscan architecture. “…The Romans made Doric columns taller and slimmer and gave them a base.” The Romans used Composite order and engaged columns in their architecture, in contrast to the Greeks. In comparison, both the Greeks and Romans built their buildings out of the uses of ashlar masonry. For walls, the Romans used “different types of patterned stonework.” And lastly, for temples, the Romans had rectangular temples created in the mid-first century B.C.E. The Etruscans made their temples with “raised platform or podium, the entry on one end only by ascending a flight of stairs, a front porch that takes up about one-third of the whole podium area, and a cella nearly as wide as the

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