But what Fanon observes however, is that colonialism prevents this sense of nostalgia from encouraging a national culture. He states “ colonialism turns to the past of the oppressed people, and distorts, disfigures and destroys it…the effect consciously sought by colonial... ... middle of paper ... ...ical account. However, they both agree on that history is meaningful and is vital for forward-thinking societies. The need for African cultures to find a common historical root that could unify the people of Africa cannot be overemphasized. In this globalized world, cultures continue to be defined with a focus on the present and the future.
English language is seen as an official language in several continents such as America and Europe. However, Africa is stand still with the idea of whether English should be accepted in this country. This essay will critically respond to the debate between Tok DiReck, “English is Africa’s Future” (2007), and Lynn Qua Frank, “Keeping Our Linguistic Culture” (2007). In the article of Tok DiReck, he mentions the economy situation of Africa is languished while the world market is developing fast. It needs an invisible bridge to connect with other nations and to participate in the global market places.
While there were good reasons to focus earlier on rural elders as overlooked wise philosophers, the emphasis now should be on admiring philosophical thought wherever it may be found—in women, youth, and urban Africans as well. In such a way, philosophy will be further relevant to people’s lives, and further light will be shed and shared regarding the lived experience in Africa. Odera Oruka’s Own Criticism of Sage Philosophy Despite his pride in launching what many consider an important project in African philosophy, the writings of Odera Oruka himself express some doubts about the project. For example, in his essay "Philosophy in East Africa and the Future of Philosophical Research in Africa," he seems to refer to his own project as one of passing historical significance. There, after criticizing Tempels and other ethnophilosophers, he admits that he himself "indulge(s) in some kind of anthropological-cum-philosophical research."
China’s focus on multipolarity is very much welcome in Africa. While BC talks about expediting a “shift from power politics to moral politics,” (Ramo, 2004, p.5-6)(done 1)(.China has made every effort to use both all elements of its power-hard and soft to secure economic and political advantages in Africa against its global competitors. China has often criticized against US hegemonism during the era of global competitiveness of the cold war era, although, it has been less concerned about Russia, whose influence has been declining on the continent in the post-Soviet era. As a resource-rich country, Russia does not have the same acquisitive drive that China has in Africa, but it is still interested in exploring business opportunities and replacing business with the ideological space it has vacated in Africa. In Africa, China’s strategic interests for diplomatic support and resource exploitation have often conflict... ... middle of paper ... ... with its ideational principles of peaceful coexistence, and offering assistance to deal with security threats in Africa.
For example, D.K Fieldhouse argued that there needed to be a “greater emphasis on economic reasons” as well as elements of “formal and informal empires” (Robinson and Gallagher) throughout the colonisation of Africa. In addition, by analysing the colonisation of diverse African coun... ... middle of paper ... ... Power, it is generally agreed that “if any nation had upset the world’s balance of power, it was Great Britain.” . Compared to countries such as Germany, Britain was not pursing in Africa purely for appearance and saving face. According to Kennedy, “nothing frightened Britain imperialists’ more than economic decline” because of the disastrous impact upon British power. It was argued that colonisation in Africa was used for “imperial defence” It would “fight for the preservation of the European balance of power.” This appears to support Taylor’s claim that the balance of European power was delicately composed, therefore the colonisation in Africa did not occur for economic interests.
The “scramble for Africa” many may call it. This push for amplification and extension has allowed historians to decipher the underlying impacts and revisions it has caused on the course of these mass continents. This imperialistic mindset Europeans had and the sense of “white man’s burden” were seen in the actions taken when taking the small African countries. The effects of European Colonialism in Africa had great impact that shaped the life and history of African people as well as the European imperialist. These Europeans countries imposed on the African tribes yet created commercial growth, bureaucratic policies and social advancements towards better living in the process .
Beijing needs African oil to enhance its vitality imports keeping in mind the end goal to protect the sound advancement of its economy, and obliges other characteristic assets to maintain producing capacities. Chinese organizations, like their European and American partners, additionally see guaranteeing open doors in coddling African markets. Anyway their separate systems commonly vary on numerous records. China's interest for common assets consolidated with its procedure to expand vitality imports and recognize new markets has brought about quickly expanding Chinese speculations in Africa. In the meantime, Chinese organizations been less hesitant than some of its Western partners as far as creating business engages in nations grieved by inside clash.
2.1. Introduction The expansion of China’s interests in Africa has grown mostly after 2000. China is regarded as Africa’s second largest bilateral partner, ahead of United Kingdom and France. China’s driving force in Africa is mainly the need to secure natural resources and expand its markets across the universe. This Chapter will examine the relations of Africa and China in a historical perspective focusing on China’s Africa Policy, Forum of China-Africa Corporation and finally the political and economic implication it may have on development.
Africa has been the continent which many countries and global powers have had interest on. Due to the continents historical background, Africa needs to be ingenious towards its relationship not only with China but also other global powers; as these interests are increasingly becoming influential in its ties and development. Chinas relationship with Africa as brought major changes in the country from infrastructures, labour, exploitation, markets, etc. Taking into consideration its historical background, Africa’s foreign policy relationship with China must be carefully selected and agreed upon, as China has a great impact in Africa’s development. Africa has been a continent which has had major influences from many different international powers and as a result of this the continents foreign policy is shaped in a way that it takes these events, forces and influences into consideration.
This does not seem to lead to the end nor the reduction of poverty. Instead, this essay argues that in order to achieve poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa, international aid needs to be reduced because it reinforces poverty, namely the power and economic disparities. I will first look at theoretical and historical backgrounds in relation to the development and international aid in sub-Saharan Africa and then examine the controversy which international aid generates to the local and international communities in terms of culture, sustainability, and politics. Finally, I will suggest an alternative way for sub-Saharan African communities’ development. While sub-Saharan Africa is culturally, socio-economically, and politically unique and diverse region, in this essay, I refer to Schuurman (1993)’s definition that inequality is what characterizes and holds them together.