In these economic hard times life has become unbearable to many thus to Karl Marx religion is used as scapegoat from the reality. Although this came as a criticism Marx was sympathetic as he provided solace; people are in distress and religion constantly offered refuge. He related this to physically injured people who were given relief from opiate-based drugs for relief. Religion therefore does not provide solution to peoples underlying problems but eases the pain and makes them seek for supreme power instead of trying to change their circumstances. According to Marx religion signifies the discontent and cons... ... middle of paper ... ...ecognize God.
In Nietzsche’s eyes religion was the ultimate con on the human race. A few weak men’s ideas spawned a worldwide movement to suppress the strong and noble. This movement will hinder the innate instinct to gain power and be the strongest util man realizes he controls his fate and religion is a fantasy.
Marx views religion as a drug that gives the people temporary relief from their unhappiness, which inhibits them from conducting social change. To better understand Marx’ view of religion one must question, why is it so important that human beings stop looking to a metaphysical world for happiness? What is real happiness? And why does social change depend upon abandoning religion? Marx examines the importance of why human beings must stop looking to a metaphysical world.
The whole concept would sound foolish to Nietzsche, in spite of the fact that he recognized asceticism in religion already. Nietzsche believe that those who lived ascetic lives were “surrounded by such a lavish growth of nonsense and superstition” (Nietzsche, Good and Evil, 60) and thus were absurd and achieved nothing. William James believed that asceticism was based in the “general good intention” (James, Varieties, 384) and that it could eliminate evil in the world. James believed that asceticism was over-all useless, but understood it as a way for religious people to eliminate the negativity in their lives. James would have understood Father Lazarus’ ascetic life just the same way.
This is done in many ways. One way is to make the working class believe that supernatural powers control events that happen on Earth, this makes social change seem impossible and therefore stops the system being challenged. Religion also causes people to forget why there is unhappiness in the world, and therefore stops them from creating happiness for themselves. It is also believed that religion justifies social class, in a well known hymn the following lyrics can be found : “The rich man in his castle, The poor man at his gate, He made them, high or lowly, And ordered their estate.” This is saying that God determined social position and therefore it shouldn’t be challenged by anyone. Religion promises life after death and therefore makes life worth living, those who don’t complain will be awarded in afterlife.
Marlowe reflects ambition in the character of Faustus to deter the audience from being ambitious, and over-reaching their place in the laws of the church. Marlowe uses symbols of religion to fill the play such as the use of the dark arts, angles, demons, God, the Devil, quotes from the bible, the symbol of blood, and the use of the seven sins. With the use of these icons he humou... ... middle of paper ... ...se to the teachings of John Calvin. (Munteanu, 2002). Therefore it can be said that Marlowe is attempting to alter the doctrines his fellow country men with whom are questioning their religions.
Therefore a religion reflects the needs of a superstructure, due to the greed of capitalism in a materialistic culture. Alienation caused by the bourgeoisie origins, the desire for change in belief and lastly the new belief reveals to reflect the values of the superstructure. Making gods word a new language, using this they are able to exploit the proletariats. Christopher Moore in the novel, Lamb: The Gospel according to Biff, Christ’s Childhood Pal uses irony to convey the message that religion reflects the values of the superstructure. Where in a materialistic culture, the bourgeoisie abuse the proletariats in the name of god using religion.
Atheists who speak in terms of good and evil have manipulated religious dialogue in their favor; they ha... ... middle of paper ... ...ctive freedoms and choices (Young). We are fighting a fight that we are funding and, when we undress the luxury of all the good in our world, we are looking at the motive behind the goodness. There is a notion that morality requires a spiritual vision and the idea of purity is nothing more than an illusion, but without a spiritual vision we just care for our body before caring for the soul within our body. The insight of spirituality is more than likely deficient in those who have trouble recognizing the true black and white of morality (Young), but the ability to decipher and live by ethical principles is still very tangible. To an extent, it is in our nature to be good, but beyond that it is defined by our believer values.
Medieval Christianity used religion in order to force people to accept their standing in life, and to not ask for more, because religion taught that the meek would inherit the earth.￼ Peasants were expected to “ ”, while the nobility were expected to “fight for all”, and the clergy were to “pray for all”. This system allowed those who were in power to oppress those underneath them: “there had been a theology and a sociopolitical structure flowing inexorably out of religion that preserved the power elite who exploited the poor”.￼ This structure is comparable to that of the Indu... ... middle of paper ... ...to believing an illusion that seems to create a better life, but in reality does not. Medieval Christianity used religion to ensure the feudal society, in which their power was absolute. The church then used that power, as well as its control over their followers to supress the Jews, making sure that this minority religion would stay that way. Furthermore, Through the use of Inquisition, the church was able to spread fear throughout the lands through the use of torture, and confiscation of property.
According to Marx, a belief in any religion caused the proletariats to accept less that what they deserved based on an illusion of a better life. By experiencing the harsh reality of their situations and unhappiness along the sides of his acquaintances, Marx found that many proletariats believed the only means of surviving a life of consistent disappointments is through the comfort of religion. He stated, “the abolition of religion as the deceptive happiness of t...