Currently the United States is 169 out of the total 224 in infant mortality compared to other countries, with 1 being the worst. As stated before there are ways that we can prevent infant mortality so that it is less common. Being a first world country we have a variety of resources to help prevent infant mortality. Some of the ways that we can reduce infant mortality is by providing proper care for the infant during pregnancy, pr... ... middle of paper ... ...to find ways to reduce it even more. Many of the reasons for infants being born with problems that cause infant mortality are due to things that can be prevented.
At the national level, highest incident for low birth weight respectively are Bangladesh (50%, 39%), India(28%, 21%), Pakistan (25%, 18%) and in Sri Lanka(19%, 13%). The prevalence of low birth weight is higher in Asia than elsewhere, predominantly because of under nutrition of mother before pregnancy exacerbated under nutrition during pregnancy. The amount of 60% women in south Asia and 40% in South East Asia are under weight. Low weight at birth has a profoundly adverse effect on the health and development of neonate. LBW is probably the main reason why over 50% of children in South Asia are under weight.
Introduction It is extremely crucial that both the baby and the mother receive good prenatal care to ensure both their health remains to be good. Mothers that do not have access to good and early prenatal care have a higher probability of up to three times of delivering a baby with a low birth weight as compared to those that receive good prenatal care, which may also result in a higher infant mortality of up to five times. Particularly, mothers that have low incomes or are unemployed suffer from these, as they cannot afford to pay for this service. Therefore this means that they prenatal care that is subpar as compared to mothers that receive high incomes and can comfortably afford good prenatal care. When mothers receive prenatal care, what
Women make up 70% of the world’s 1.5 billion people living in absolute poverty, basically earning less than $2 USD a day. Women perform 66% of the world’s work, produce 50% of the food, but earn 10% of the income and own 1% of the property. (Unicef , “Gender Equality—The Big Picture,” 2007). There are 876 million illiterate adults and from that 2/3 of them are women (AIC Training Booklet “Women & Poverty” 2007). In the United States, the poverty rate is higher for women, 13.8% of females are poor compared to 11.1 % of men (US Census Bureau, 2007).
Introduction Infant mortality in the United States is considerably higher than other developed countries. One of the leading causes of this tragic statistic is low birth weight (LBW, 2500 g). An infant’s birth weight can be utilized as a predictor for health and directly linked to future health risks and outcomes (Holland, Kitzman, & Veazie, 2009). In the United States, the population group with the highest incidence of LBW is African American women. This perinatal racial disparity is evidenced by a wide array of social, cultural and behavioral factors that have an impact on LBW infants born to African American women.
According to William Epstein in his book “Welfare in America” “when the number of female headed households increases, so apparently does dependency on welfare” (Epstein 125) Childbearing has long term consequences for the mothers, children, and the welfare system. Consequently welfare programs supports child support enforcement programs that lessen the dependence on AFDC, and make the absent parent responsible for child support and health insurance for the child. This enforced programs are the way to making the program better and making the absent parents responsible for their children. The welfare system gives aid to many single mothers and their children. Why do these mothers have a hard time getting into the working field?
It represents a sense of hope and fulfillment that the mother feels when she has a child. Also, interestingly enough, women of a poor class viewed “marriage as a luxury” (11.2). There are also reasons that involve a sense of fear in control. For instance, Edin and Kefalas explain that “poor women do not want to marry until they are set… a young mother often fears marriage will mean a loss of control” (13.3). Essentially, a poor women who has a child
These statistics emphasize the importance of focusing efforts on creating better access for women to receive prenatal care in order to reduce the Infant Mortality Rate in Ohio. Ohio Senate Bill 279 has the goal of decreasing premature births along with increasing prenatal care in the first trimester by implementing a 2-year pilot program starting in 4 health care centers acro... ... middle of paper ... ...rey_OEI_07222013.pdf Save the Children. (2013). Surviving the first day: State of the world’s mothers 2013 [PDF file]. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/SOWM-FULL-REPORT_2013.PDF The Ohio Senate.
There are several determinants of high maternal deaths in Ethiopia; malnutrition from generic poverty status, communicable diseases, low empowerment, early giving birth, inaccessible health service. Best-case example, however, demonstrates that the government of Ethiopian set a target to further reduce maternal mortality ratio from 590 to 267 deaths per 100,000 live births by the year 2015 in the new HSDP IV (MoH, 2010). The Millenni... ... middle of paper ... ...3) has previous suggested that “satisfying the unmet need for family planning alone could cut the number of maternal deaths by almost a third.”. On average, those with a relatively lower educational attainment and with lower decision-making autonomy are poorer than those with better economic status, educational attainment and empowerment (Gebreselassie, ) However, the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) has shown to be making a commitment to reducing the prevalence of maternal mortality, though mostly through foreign funding provided through the MDG Achievement Fund (MDG-F PDF). The Health Services Development Programmes (HSDP) have been used to increase services, medicines and immunizations, strengthening the health system and deploying extension workers through the Health Extension Plan (HEP) (Federal Ministry of Health, Family Health Department, 2005).
Age alone does not predict risk, but several lifestyles factors, such as family history, socioeconomics, and demographics have major impacts on the well-being of the mother and infant. The number and spacing of previous pregnancies, genetics of the parents, nutritional status, and prenatal care of the mother also play an important role in the pregnancies of older women. It is imperative, for all of these reasons, that benefits and risks for the mother and the baby be considered. (Schurk, 2010) As women reach thirty-five, they experience a decline in fertility. Furthermore, complications during pregnancy are more common when women reach forty.