The First Industrial Revolution changed agriculture customs and the Second Industrial Revolution caused changes in production techniques, but both helped the United States industrialize and become the most successful country in the world. During the First Industrialization Revolution, there were extreme changes in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation. Industrialization began in Britain because of the surplus of raw materials, making it one of the most dominant countries in machinery. Before the Civil War, most people were not wage owners because they either worked on agriculture or in small single-owner crafts. The Industrial Revolution began with the invention of the steam engine in Britain in 1793 by James Watt, which was used to minerals from mines.
By the eighteenth century all of Western Europe had begun to industrialize rapidly, but in England the process was faster than in other parts of the world. This may be attributed to a number of factors: large deposits of coal were still available for industrial fuel. abundant labor supply to mine coal and iron, man the factories. Fleet remained from old commercial empire Ability to furnish raw materials (through colonies) capital to invest industrial development not interrupted by war Soon all Western Europe was more or less industrialized, and the coming of electricity and cheap steel after 1850 further speeded the process. (Rempel) The countryside was transformed between 1760 and 1830 from the open-field system of cultivation to make way for compact farms and enclosed fields (pay flat tax on land, must be surveyed and fenced in).
In the long run, industrialization raised the standard of living and overcame the poverty that most Europeans, who lived d... ... middle of paper ... ...ndustrialization spread to the United States then across Europe. The BBC website indicates France, by contrast, was home to some of the finest scientific minds, but had an absolute monarchy which wielded great control over economic and political life. In Britain people believed that through industrial production they could create untold wealth - and the government believed that it was its responsibility to make this happen. In conclusion, the Industrial Revolution had profoundly impacted Europe in the 18th century. The Industrial Revolution also had considerable impact upon the nature of work, people, geography, and technology.
Life Changes During the Industrial Revolution In Britain about two hundred years ago, great changes took place in making goods and transport, which has moulded the way our world works today. These changes made big differences to many people’s lives and work methods; and put together these are called the Industrial Revolution. They started in Britain and spead to Europe and on to the United States. A lot of the Industrial Revolution’s changes helped the lives of people as transport was more secure and faster, but also mass production was brought in. Before the Industrial Revolution people made goods on a small-scale from their own homes, or in workshops beside their house, The whole family would be involed in producing and selling the product (This can be called by the ‘Domestic System’).
"The cultural work of the Type-Writer Girl," Victorian Studies, V40 n3 (1997): Spring, pp. 401-426. Web. 26 May 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3829292?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents Kessler-Harris, Alice. Out to work: a history of wage-earning women in the United States (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982).
Larger families required mothers to work more hours in the home and out of it. This was reinforced in England and the US by the development of Victorian morality, which placed the ideal woman at the head of an ideal household, leading the moral life of the nation. At the beginning of the industrial revolution, women suffered from decreasing job opportunities, as "cotta... ... middle of paper ... ...f indentured servitude that was one of the main motivations behind the labor movement. Conclusion Women's lives changed drastically in the Industrial Revolution, whether they stayed home and benefited from new advances in consumer-goods technology, or if they worked factory jobs. The opportunities that industrialization offered women carried the same risks to health and happiness as those offered to working men, but they also brought about a sea change in social acceptance of women's self-sufficiency and weakened the concept of woman as home- and baby-maker.
Due to strides made during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester led the world in the textile industry with the use of the mechanized cotton mill. This led to an influx of people migrating to Manchester seeking work. The booming industry caused by this rapid urbanization greatly benefitted the rest of Europe, but the citizens of Manchester suffered great morale and health declines. While a select few continued to highlight the great accomplishments of the city, the overwhelming majority of sources shows that Manchester was not a desirable home for workers during the Industrial
People began to migrate to these newly established urban areas around factories, seeking opportunity, steady income to feed their families, and a way to move out of poverty. The people who took this risk helped develop the new urbanization period in the US, where hundreds of thousands of people left their low wage rural jobs and sought opportunity in the factories. The first major invention in the industrialization period was the Cotton Gin, which was invented by Eli Whitney, a United States man who hoped his new invention would help slaves. Against his intentions, historians believe that without this invention, slavery would have become less and less prominent on southern plantations and may have entirely died off on its own. This first step in industrialization in the United States had a large impact on how people ran their businesses, and was one of the first steps on the road to America’s industrial revolution.
The invention that fired up the Industrial Revolution was the steam engine, which was invented by James Watt in 1775. The steam engine made travel faster and more efficient, which is why it earned the name “Iron Horse”. The steam engine not only powered the trains, but it also powered the factories (The Industrial Revolution United State, page 27). This provided numerous factories and industries to transport their goods farther away and at a faster pace. The numerous inventions led to the radically increasing American economy.